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The Gambino crime family is one of the "Five Families" that dominates organized crime activities in New York City, United States, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra). The group is named after Carlo Gambino, boss of the family at the time of the McClellan hearings in 1963 when the structure of organized crime first gained public attention. The group's operations extend from New York and the eastern seaboard to California. Its illicit activities include labor and construction racketeering, gambling, loansharking, extortion, money laundering, prostitution,, fraud, hijacking, pier thefts, and fencing.
The rise of what for a time was the most powerful crime family in America began in 1957, the day Albert Anastasia was assassinated while sitting in a barber chair at the Park-Sheraton Hotel in Manhattan. Experts believe Carlo Gambino helped orchestrate the hit to take over the family. Gambino partnered with Meyer Lansky to control gambling interests in Cuba. The family’s fortunes grew through 1976, when Gambino appointed his brother-in-law, Paul Castellano, as boss. Castellano infuriated upstart capo John Gotti, who orchestrated Castellano's murder in 1985. Gotti's downfall came in 1992, when his underboss Sammy Gravano decided to cooperate with the FBI. Gravano's cooperation brought down Gotti, along with most of the top members of the Gambino family. The family is now run by Domenico Cefalu.
The origins of the Gambino crime family can be traced back to the D'Aguila gang of Manhattan. Salvatore "Toto" D'Aquila was an influential emigrant from Palermo, Sicily who joined the Morello gang of East Harlem. Founded in the 1890s, the Morellos were the first Sicilian (or Italian) criminal gang in New York. As other gangs formed in New York, they acknowledged Giuseppe Morello as their boss of bosses. In 1906, D'Aquila's name first appeared on police records for running a confidence scam.
In 1910, Giuseppe Morello and his second-in-command, Ignazio Saietta, were sentenced to 30 years in prison for counterfeiting. With the Morello family weakened, D'Aquila used the opportunity to break away from them and form his own gang in East Harlem. D'Aquila quickly used his ties to other Mafia leaders in the United States to create a network of influence and connections and was soon a powerful force in New York.
New York gangsEdit
By 1910, more Italian gangs had formed in New York City. In Brooklyn, Nicola "Cola" Schiro established a gang of Sicilians from Castellammare del Golfo in Sicily. A second Sicilian gang was formed by Alfred Mineo in Brooklyn. Finally, there were two allied Neopolitan Camorra gangs, one on Coney Island and one on Navy Street in Brooklyn, that were run by Pellegrino Morano and Alessandro Vollero.
In 1917, D'Aquila successfully absorbed the two Camorra gangs. A year earlier, the Camorra had assassinated Nicholas Morello, head of the Morello gang. In response, D'Aquila allied with the Morellos to fight the Camorra. In 1917, both Morano and Vollero were convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison. With their leadership gone, the two Camorra gangs disappeared and D'Aquila took over many of their rackets in Brooklyn. Soon after, Aquila also brought in the Mineo gang, making Mineo his first lieutenant. D'Aquila now controlled the largest and most influential Italian gang in New York City.
In 1920, the United States outlawed the production and sale of alcoholic beverages (Prohibition), creating the opportunity for an extremely lucrative illegal racket for the New York gangs. Around that time, two more Mafia gangs emerged in New York City. The first gang was a break-away faction from the Morello crime family based in the Bronx and led by Gaetano Reina, who had formerly been aligned with boss Ciro "The Artichoke King" Terranova. The second gang formed in the late 1920s in Brooklyn and was led by Joe Profaci.
By 1920, D'Aquila's only significant rival was Giuseppe "Joe the Boss" Masseria. Masseria had taken over the Morello family interests, and by the mid-1920, had begun to amass power and influence to rival that of D'Aquila. By the late 1920s, D'Aquila and Masseria were headed for a showdown.
On October 10, 1928 Masseria gunmen assassinated D'Aquila outside his home. D'Aquila's second-in-command, Alfred Mineo, and his top lieutenant, Steve Ferrigno, now commanded the largest and most influential Sicilian gang in New York City. On November 5, 1930, outside Ferrigno's home in the Bronx, both men were assassinated by Masseria gunmen. Masseria now controlled the Mineo gang.
In 1931. the Castellammarese War started between Masseria and Salvatore Maranzano, the new leader of Cola Schiro's Castellammarese gang. In April 1931, Masseria was murdered in a restaurant by several of his gang members who had defected to Maranzano. Maranzano declared himself the boss of all bosses and reorganized all the New York gangs into five crime families. Maranzano appointed Frank Scalise as head of the old D'Aquila/Mineo gang, now designated as one of New York's new five families
In September 1931, Maranzano was himself assassinated in his office by a squad of contract killers. The main beneficiary (and organizer of both hits) was Charlie "Lucky" Luciano. Luciano kept Maranzano's five families and added a Commission to mediate disputes and prevent more gang warfare.
Also in 1931, Luciano replaced Scalise with Vincent Mangano as head of the D'Aquila/Mineo gang, now the Mangano crime family. Mangano also received a seat on the new Commission. The modern era of the Cosa Nostra had begun.
Vincent Mangano now became the first boss of what 26 years later would be called the Gambino family. Vincent's brother Philip Mangano also became a family leader. Vincent Mangano still believed in the Old World mob traditions of "honor," "tradition," "respect" and "dignity." However, he was somewhat more forward-looking than either Masseria and Maranzano. To compensate for loss of massive revenues with the end of Prohibition in 1933, Vincent Mangano moved his family into extortion, union racketeering, and illegal gambling operations including horse betting, running numbers and lotteries.
Vincent Mangano also established the City Democratic Club, ostensibly to promote American values. In reality, the Club was as a cover for Murder, Inc., the notorious band of mainly Jewish hitmen who performed contract murders for the Cosa Nostra nationwide. The operating head of the Murder Inc. was Mangano family underboss Albert Anastasia, known as the "Lord High Executioner".
Vincent Mangano also had close ties with Emil Camarda, a vice-president of the International Longshoremen's Association (ILA). Through the Association, Mangano and the family completely controlled the Manhattan and Brooklyn waterfronts. From 1932 onward, the president of ILA Local 1814 was Anthony "Tough Tony" Anastasio, Albert Anastasia's younger brother (Anthony kept the original spelling of their last name). Anastasio was one of the family's biggest earners, steering millions of dollars in kickbacks and payoffs into to the Mangano coffers. Anastasio made no secret of his ties to the mob; he only had to say "my brother Albert" to get his point across.
Anastasia and the Mangano brothers were usually in conflict, even though they worked together for 20 years. On numerous occasions, Anastasia and Vincent Mangano came close to physical conflict. Vincent Mangano felt uncomfortable with Anastasia's close ties to Luciano and other top mobsters outside his family. Mangano was also jealous of Anastasio's strong power base in Murder Inc. and the waterfront unions. In April 1951, Philip Mangano was discovered murdered, while his brother disappeared without a trace. No one was ever charged in the Mangano brothers' deaths. However, it is generally believed that Anastasia murdered both of them.
Called to face the Commission, Anastasia refused to accept guilt for the Mangano murders. However, Anastasia did claim that Vincent Mangano had been planning to kill him. Anastasia was already running the family in Vincent Mangano's "absence," and the Commission members were intimidated by Anastasia. With the support of Frank Costello, boss of the Luciano crime family, the Commission confirmed Anastasia's ascension as boss of what was now the Anastasia crime family. Carlo Gambino, a wily character with designs on the leadership himself, maneuvered himself into position as underboss.
The former boss of Murder Inc., Anastasia was a vicious murderer who inspired fear throughout the New York families. With Costello as an ally, Anastasia came to control the Commission. Costello's bitter rival was Vito Genovese, a former underboss for Luciano. Since 1946, Genovese had been scheming to remove Costello from power, but was not powerful enough to face Anastasia.
Plot against AnastasiaEdit
Anastasia's own brutal actions soon created a favorable climate in New York for his removal. In 1952, Anastasia ordered the murder of a Brooklyn man Arnold Schuster who had aided in the capture of bank robber Willie Sutton. Anastasia did not like the fact that Schuster had helped the police. The New York families were outraged by this gratuitous killing that raised a large amount of public furor. Anastasia also alienated one of Luciano's powerful associates, Meyer Lansky by opening casinos in Cuba to compete with Lansky's. Genovese and Lansky soon recruited Carlo Gambino to the conspiracy by offering him the chance to replace Anastasia.
In May 1957, Costello escaped a Genovese-organized murder attempt with a minor injury and decided to resign as boss. However, Genovese and Gambino soon learned that Costello was conspiring with Anastasia to regain power. They decided to kill Anastasia.
On October 25, 1957, several masked gunmen murdered Anastasia while he was sitting in the barber shop at the Park Sheraton Hotel in Manhattan. As Anastasia sat in the barber's chair, the three assailants rushed in, shoved the barber out of the way, and started shooting. The wounded Anastasia allegedly lunged at his killers, but only hit their reflections in the wall mirror. Anastasia died at the scene. Many historians believe that Gambino ordered caporegime Joseph Biondo to kill Anastasia and Biondo gave the contract to a squad of Gambino drug dealers led by Stephen Armone.
With Anastasia's death, Carlo Gambino became boss of what was now called the Gambino crime family. Biondo became underboss, supposedly as a reward for the Anastasia killing. However, upset by Biondo's misbehavior, Gambino replaced him with Aniello Dellacroce in 1965.
By all accounts, Genovese was angling to become Boss of all Bosses, and believed that Gambino would support him. Gambino, however, had his own mind. He secretly joined forces with Luciano and Costello to get Genovese out of the way as well. Gambino helped trick Genovese into a lucrative drug deal, then paid a small-time Puerto Rican dealer to testify against him. In April 1959, Genovese was sentenced to 15 years in federal prison, where he died in 1969.
Gambino quickly built the family into the most powerful crime family in the United States. He was helped by Meyer Lansky's offshore gaming houses in Cuba and the Bahamas, a lucrative business for the Cosa Nostra.
Control of other crime familiesEdit
In 1962, Joseph "Joe Bananas" Bonanno, the head of the Bonanno crime family and Joseph Magliocco, the new boss of the Profaci crime family, conspired to kill Gambino and his allies on the Commission. However, the man entrusted with the job, Joseph Colombo, instead revealed the plot to Gambino. Led by Gambino, the Commission forced Magliocco to resign while Bonanno fled New York. Gambino had now become the most powerful leader of the "Five Families".
In 1971, Gambino allegedly use his power to organize the shooting of Joseph Colombo, now head of the Colombo crime family. Gambino and his allies were unhappy about Colombo's high public profile. On June 28, 1971; Jerome Johnson shot Colombo at a Manhattan rally. Johnson was tentatively linked to the Gambino family, but no one else was charged in the shooting. Colombo survived the shooting, but remained paralyzed until his death in 1978.
In 1972, Gambino allegedly picked Frank "Funzi" Tieri to be front boss of the Genovese crime family. Gambino had allegedly ordered the murder of Tieri's predecessor, Thomas Eboli, after Eboli failed to repay a $3 million loan to Gambino. It is also more likely believed Eboli was killed by own crime family for his erratic ways.
Under Gambino, the family gained particularly strong influence in the construction industry. It acquired behind-the-scenes control of Teamsters Local 282, which controlled access to most building materials in the New York area and could literally bring most construction jobs in New York City to a halt.
On October 15, 1976, Gambino died of a heart attack. Following Gambino's wishes, control of the family passed to Paul Castellano, whose sister was married to Gambino. Castellano kept longtime underboss Aniello Dellacroce in his position. Many Dellacroce allies were bitterly disappointed by Castellano's ascension, but Dellacroce insisted that they obey Gambino's instructions.
When Castellano became boss, he negotiated a division of responsibilities between himself and Dellacroce. Castellano took control of the so-called "white collar" crimes that included stock embezzlement and other big money rackets. Dellacroce retained control of the traditional Cosa Nostra activities. To maintain control over the Dellacroce faction, Castellano relied on the crew run by Anthony "Nino" Gaggi and Roy DeMeo. The DeMeo crew allegedly committed from 74 to 200 murders during the late 1970s and mid 1980s.
During his regime, Castellano vastly expanded the family's influence in the construction industry. His new alliance with the Irish-American Westside Gang made millions of dollars for the family in construction rackets. For all intents and purposes, the Gambinos held veto power over all construction projects worth over $2 million in New York City. The DeMeo gang also ran a very lucrative car theft ring. Castellano relied on a four-man ruling panel to supervise family operations. This panel consisted of powerful Garment District leader Thomas Gambino, bodyguard and later underboss Thomas Bilotti, and powerful Queens faction-leaders Daniel Marino and James Failla.
Gambino family caseEdit
In response to the Gambino rise, federal prosecutors targeted the family leadership. On March 31, 1984 a federal grand jury indicted Castellano and 20 other Gambino members and associates with charges of drug trafficking, murder, theft, and prostitution. This group included John Gotti's brother, Gene, and his best friend, Angelo Ruggiero. In early 1985, Castellano was indicted along with other Cosa Nostra leaders in the Mafia Commission case. Facing the possibility of time in prison, Castellano announced that Thomas Gambino would become acting boss in Castellano's absence, with Bilotti as acting underboss to replace the ailing Dellacrocce.
Although the Gambino family was making more money, the internal strife continued to grow. The Dellacroce faction considered Castellano a businessman, not a mob boss. They grew infuriated when Castellano increased their tribute requirements while building himself a grand mansion in Staten Island. Castellano became increasingly detached from family members, conducting all family business at his mansion. Castellano's announcement about Gambino and Bilotti further enraged the Dellacroce partisans.
Conflict with GottiEdit
Castellano's most vocal critic was capo John Gotti, a Dellacrocce protegee. Gotti was ambitious and wanted to be boss himself. He was also angry that Castellano allowed the DeMeo crew to deal in narcotics while forbidding him from doing it. Gotti and his men conducted their drug trade in secret. The 1983 Ruggiero indictment came from phone conversations that Federal agents had recorded on Gotti's phone. The taped conversations included Ruggiero discussing drug deals and expressing his contempt for Castellano. By law, the defendants were allowed transcripts of these wiretap conversations to aid their defense. Castellano immediately demanded copies for himself. Dellacroce kept the transcripts from Castellano - the drug dealing and disrespectful language on the transcripts would have given Castellano cause to kill both Ruggiero and John Gotti. In turn, Dellacrocce prevented Gotti from deposing Castellano, citing his promise to Carlo Gambino.
On December 2, 1985, Dellacroce died of cancer. With Dellacrocce gone, Ruggiero could no longer keep the incriminating transcripts away from Castellano. Gotti quickly realized that now was the best time to murder Castellano and seize power.
On December 16, 1985, Bilotti and Castellano arrived at the Sparks Steak House in Manhattan for a dinner meeting with capo Frank DeCicco. As the two men were exiting their car, four unidentified men shot them to death.
Right after the Castellano murder, John Gotti was chosen as the new boss of the Gambino crime family. Gotti appointed DeCicco as underboss and promoted Ruggiero to caporegime. At that time, future underboss Salvatore "Sammy the Bull" Gravano was allegedly elevated to caporegime. Known as the "Dapper Don," Gotti was well known for his hand-tailored suits and silk ties. Unlike his colleagues, Gotti made little effort to hide his mob connections and was very willing to provide interesting sound bites to the media. Gotti's home in Howard Beach, Queens, was frequently seen on television. Gotti liked to hold meetings with family members while walking in public places so that law enforcement agents could not record the conversations. One of Gotti's neighbors in Howard Beach was his dear friend Joseph Massino, underboss of the Bonanno crime family.
Mob leaders from the other families were enraged at the Castellano murder and disapproved of Gotti's high-profile style. Gotti's strongest enemy was Genovese crime family boss Vincent "The Chin" Gigante, a former Castellano ally. Gigante conspired with Lucchese crime family leaders Vittorio "Vic" Amuso and Anthony "Gaspipe" Casso, to put out a murder contract on Gotti's life. On April 13, 1986, a car bomb meant for Gotti instead killed DeCicco. DeCicco's replacement, Joseph Armone, would be convicted of racketeering in 1987 alongside the family's consigliere Joseph N. Gallo.
Eventually, Gotti's brash demeanor and belief that he was untouchable (he was acquitted on charges three times, earning the nickname the "Teflon Don") proved his undoing. The FBI had managed to bug an apartment above the Ravenite Social Club in Little Italy, where an elderly widow let mobsters hold top-level meetings. Gotti was heard planning criminal activities and complaining about his underlings. In particular, he complained about Gravano, portraying him as a "mad dog" killer. Gravano responded by turning state's evidence and testifying against Gotti and other members of the family. On April 2, 1992, largely on the strength of Gravano's testimony, Gotti and consigliere Frank "Frankie Loc" LoCascio were convicted and received a sentence of life without parole.
The family since GottiEdit
Gotti continued to rule the family from prison, while day-to-day operation of the family shifted to capos John "Jackie Nose" D'Amico and Nicholas "Little Nick" Corozzo. The latter was due to take over as acting boss but was himself sentenced to eight years in prison on racketeering charges. Gotti's son, John "Junior" Gotti, took over as head of the family, but in 1999 he too plead guilty to racketeering and was sentenced to 77 months in jail.
When Gotti Sr died in prison in 2002, his brother Peter took over as boss, allegedly alongside D'Amico, but the family's fortunes have dwindled to a remarkable extent given their power a few short decades ago, when they were considered the most powerful criminal organization on earth. Peter Gotti was imprisoned as well in 2003, as the leadership allegedly went to the current administration members, Nicholas Corozzo, Jackie D'Amico and Joseph Corozzo.
As former rivals of John Gotti took completely over the Gambino family, mostly because the rest of Gotti's loyalists were either jailed or under indictments, and because Gotti, Sr died in prison in 2002, then-current head of white collar crimes and caporegime, Michael "Mikey Scars" DiLeonardo turned state's evidence, due to increased law enforcement and credible evidence to be presented in his racketeering trial, and chose to testify against mobsters from all of the Five Families. One of the last Gotti supporters, DiLeonardo testified against, among others, Peter Gotti and Anthony "Sonny" Ciccone from 2003 to 2005, and disappeared into the Witness Protection Program. At the same time, Sammy Gravano, Gotti's former Underboss, had evaded the program in 1995 and was arrested and jailed for operating an Ecstasy-ring that stretched from Arizona to New York City in 2003. During that same year, he was sentenced to 19 years in prison, ironically due to informants amongst his associates.
In 2005, Nicholas Corozzo and his longtime underling Leonard "Lenny" DiMaria were released from prison after serving ten years for racketeering and loansharking charges in New York and Florida. That same year, US law enforcement recognized Corozzo as the Boss of the Gambino crime family, with his brother Joseph Corozzo as the family Consigliere, Arnold "Zeke" Squitieri as the acting Underboss and Jackie D'Amico as a highly regarded member with the Corozzo brothers.
In 2002, then FBI agent Joaquin Garcia infiltrated the Gambino crime family under the alias of Jack Falcone. Gambino capo Greg DePalma was so impressed by Falcone that he offered to make him a family soldier. In 2005, the FBI terminated Garcia's assignment out of fear that the Gambinos might discover his true identity. However, evidence gathered by Garcia allowed the government to convict DePalma and several other Gambino leaders on racketeering charges. DePalma was sentenced to twelve years in federal prison.
Operation Old BridgeEdit
- Main article: Operation Old Bridge
On Thursday, February 7, 2008, an indictment was issued, leading to the arrest of 54 people affiliated with the Gambino family in New York City, its suburbs, New Jersey and Long Island. This was the culmination of a four-year FBI investigation known as Operation Old Bridge. A federal grand jury later that day accused 62 people of having ties to the Gambino crime family, and offenses such as murders, conspiracy, drug trafficking, robberies, extortion and other crimes were included in the indictment. By the end of the week, more than 80 people were indicted in the Eastern District of New York. The case is now referred to as United States of America v. Agate et al. It was assigned to Judge Nicholas Garaufis. The FBI used informant Joseph Vollero, the owner of a truck company on Staten Island, who secretly recorded conversations between himself and members of the Gambino family over the previous three years.
Among the arrested were the current Gambino crime family leaders John "Jackie Nose" D'Amico, Joseph "Jo Jo" Corozzo and Domenico "Italian Dom" Cefalu, including Gambino family caporegime Leonard "Lenny" DiMaria, Francesco "Frank" Cali, Thomas "Tommy Sneakers" Cacciopoli. However, recognized captain and co-acting boss Nicholas "Little Nick" Corozzo, one of the main leaders indicted in the case, fled his home on Long Island, acting on prior knowledge, and was considered a fugitive by US law enforcement, until his arrest before turning himself in on May 29, 2008, after almost four months on the run.
The federal operation broke up a growing alliance between the Gambinos and the Sicilian Mafia, which wanted to get further into the drug trade. One of those arrested in the raids in the US was Frank Cali, a captain in the Gambino family. He is allegedly the "ambassador" in the US for the Inzerillo crime family.
Today the Gambino family still controls the piers in Brooklyn and Staten Island through infiltrated labor unions. A pair of indictments in 2009 and 2010, respectively, show that the family is still very active in New York City. During 2009, the Gambino family saw many important members released from prison. In 2009, former National Basketball Association (NBA) referee Tim Donaghy accused Gambino associate James Battista of using Donaghy's knowledge of NBA games to pick winners in illegal sports gambling. On November 18, 2009, the NYPD arrested 22 members and associates of the Lucchese and Gambino crime families as part of "Operation Pure Luck". The raid was a result of cases involving loan sharking and sports gambling on Staten Island. There were also charges of bribing New York City court officers and Sanitation Department officials.
Historical leadership of the Gambino crime familyEdit
Boss (official and acting)Edit
- 1910–1928— Salvatore "Toto" D'Aquila  – took over the Brooklyn Camorra in 1916 and merged with "Al Mineo's gang" forming the largest family in New York. He was killed on orders of boss Joe Masseria in 1928.
- 1928–1930—Alfred "Al Mineo" Manfredi – killed in Castellammarese War 1930.
- 1930–1931 — Francesco "Frank/Don Cheech" Scalise – demoted after murder of boss of all bosses Salvatore Maranzano.
- 1931–1951 — Vincenzo "Vincent" Mangano – disappeared in April 1951, allegedly killed on orders of underboss Albert Anastasia.
- 1951–1957 — Albert "Mad Hatter" Anastasia – murdered in October 1957 on orders of underboss Carlo Gambino.
- 1957–1976 — Carlo "The Godfather" Gambino – died of natural causes 1976.
- Acting 1974–1976 — Paul Castellano – acting boss during Gambino's illness, became official boss after his death.
- 1976–1985 — Paul "Big Paul" Castellano – killed on orders of capo John Gotti.
- 1985–2002 — John "Dapper Don" A Gotti – imprisoned in 1990, died in 2002.
- Acting 1992–1999 — John Gotti Jr., also known as John "Junior" Gotti, – imprisoned in 1999.
- Acting 1999–2002 — Peter Gotti – promoted to official boss.
- 2002–2011 — Peter "One Eye" Gotti – imprisoned in 2002, serving life sentence.
- Acting 2002–2005 — Arnold "Zeke" Squitieri – imprisoned in 2006, projected release date is December 18, 2012.
- Acting 2005–2008 — Nicholas "Little Nick" Corozzo – convicted in 2008, projected release date is in 2020.
- Acting 2008–2010 — Ruling Committee/Panel: Daniel Marino (jailed), Bartolomeo "Bobby" Vernace (jailed), and John Gambino.
- 2011–present – Domenico Cefalu
Street boss is a position created 2005. It was the second most powerful position in the organization.
Underboss (official and acting)Edit
The underboss was traditionally the second most powerful position in the Gambino family (after the boss). However, the 2005 appointment of Jackie D'Amico as "street boss" made that position more important than underboss.
- 19??-1928 Alfred Mineo (his group merged with the D'Aquila family at the start of Prohibition. Mineo was killed in 1930)
- 1928–1930 Steve Ferrigno (killed in 1930)
- 1931–1951 Albert "Mad Hatter" Anastasia (became official boss in 1951)
- 1951–1957 Frank Scalice (murdered in 1957)
- 1957 Carlo Gambino (became official boss in 1957)
- 1957–1965 Joseph Biondo (removed by boss Carlo Gambino in 1965)
- 1965–1985 Aniello "Neil" Dellacroce (died of natural causes in 1985)
- Acting 1974–1975 James "Jimmy Brown" Failla (replaced by Dellacroce after release from prison)
- Dec 1985 Thomas Bilotti (Murdered in 1985 on orders of capo John Gotti after 11 days)
- 1985–1986 Frank DeCicco (murdered in 1986 by Lucchese crime family hitmen)
- 1986–1990 Joseph "Piney" Armone (imprisoned in 1986, died in prison 1992)
- Acting 1986–1990 Frank Locascio (moved to acting consigliere in 1990)
- 1990–1991 Salvatore "Sammy the Bull" Gravano (turned government witness in 1991)
- 1991–1999 Vacant
- 1999–present Arnold "Squiggy" Squitieri (imprisoned, projected release date is December 18, 2012)
Consigliere (official and acting)Edit
In Italian, consigliere means "advisor." The consigliere's highest priority is to help the boss make decisions. Together, the boss, street boss, underboss, and consigliere are referred to as "the administration."
- 19??-1930 Giuseppe Triana
- 1931–1951 Philip Mangano
- 1951–1957 Giuseppe "Joe Bandy" Biondo
- 1957–1967 Joseph "Staten Island Joe" Riccobono
- 1967–1987 Joseph "Joe N." Gallo
- 1987–1990 Salvatore "Sammy the Bull" Gravano
- 1990–1992 Joseph "Joe Piney" Armone
- 1990–1992 Frank "Frankie Loc" Locascio
- 1999–present Joseph "Jo Jo" Corozzo (jailed since 2008, release date to be determined)
Several capo committees have periodically replaced the underboss and consigliere positions, allowing an imprisoned boss better control of the family.
- 1991–1992 – committee John Gotti Jr., James "Jimmy Brown" Failla, Nicholas "Little Nick" Corozzo, John "Jackie Nose" D'Amico, Louis "Big Lou" Vallario, Peter "Petey Boy" Gotti
- 1992–1993 – committee John "Junior" Gotti, James Failla, John D'Amico, Louis Vallario, Peter Gotti
- 1993–1994 – committee John "Junior" Gotti, Nicholas Corozzo, John D'Amico, Louis Vallario, Peter Gotti
- 1994–1996 – committee Nicholas Corozzo, John D'Amico, Louis Vallario, Peter Gotti
- 1996–1999 – committee John D'Amico, Louis Vallario, Peter Gotti
- Boss Domenico Cefalu – A Sicilian-born mobster who started out in the Gambino family as a heroin trafficker.
- Underboss Arnold "Zeke" Squitieri – also the leader of the New Jersey faction. As a capo during the 1980s, Squitieri ran drug trafficking operations in New Jersey, Manhattan, Queens and Brooklyn. Might have been the definitive leader of the Gambino crime family for some time. In 2006, Squitieri was convicted of drug trafficking, illegal gambling and tax evasion and was sentenced to seven years in prison. He was released on November 30, 2011.
- Consigliere Joseph "Jo Jo" Corozzo – a former capo, Joseph and his brother Nicholas "Little Nick" Corozzo control the Queens-based "Corozzo faction". In 1992, Joseph became consigliere after Gotti's imprisonment. On February 8, 2008, Joseph and Nicholas were indicted during Operation Old Bridge. In June 2008, Joseph pleaded guilty to a racketeering conspiracy charge concerning the extortion of a Staten Island concrete firm and was sentenced to 46 months in prison. In 2011, Corozzo was indicted on new federal racketeering charges. He currently has no release date.
Current family caposEdit
During the 1980s and 90s, the Gambino crime family under boss John Gotti Sr. had 24 active crews operating in New York City, New Jersey, South Florida, and Connecticut. After 2000, the Gambino family had approximately 20 crews. However, according to a 2004 New Jersey Organized Crime Report, the Gambino family had only ten active crews.
Brooklyn/Staten Island factionEdit
- George "Butters" DeCicco – Capo of a Staten Island and Brooklyn crew since the 1980s. The brother of former underboss Frank DeCicco, George is heavily involved in loansharking.
- Joseph "Sonny" Juliano – Capo of a Brooklyn crew that operates illegal gambling, loansharking, fraud and wire fraud activities. Juliano previously managed a multimillion dollar illegal gambling ring in 30 New York City locations.
- Francesco "Frank" Cali – Capo who operates in Manhattan, Brooklyn and New Jersey. According to the FBI, Cali is the official Gambino "ambassador to the Sicilian Mafia" and a rising star in the crime family. Cali and Leonard DiMaria extorted money from businessman Joseph Vollero's trucking company on Staten Island. A major suspect in the drug trafficking between the Sicilian Mafia and the Gambinos, Cali pleaded guilty to racketeering charges and was sent to prison. He was released on May 30, 2009.
- Carmine Sciandra – Capo of a crew in Staten Island who also co-owns three "Top Tomato" vegetable and fruit markets. In December 2005, Sciandra was shot and wounded by a retired policeman while working at his Staten Island market. On March 25, 2010, Sciandra plead guilty to state charges of enterprise corruption and grand larceny for running a massive sports betting and loan shark operation and was sentenced to serve between 1½ to 4½ years in prison. He was released on January 5, 2012.
- Thomas "Tommy Sneakers" Cacciopoli – Capo of a crew in Queens, New Jersey, and Westchester. Released from prison on April 4, 2011.
- Michael "Mickey Boy" Paradiso- Capo of a crew in Brooklyn and Queens. Paradiso has been involved in illegal gambling, loansharking, extortion and narcotics activities. Released on May 15, 2011 .
- Salvatore "Mr. Sal" Franco- Capo of a Manhattan crew.
- Joseph "Joe" Lombardi – Capo of a Manhattan and Staten Island crew.
- Vincent "Vinny Butch" Corrao – Capo of a Little Italy, Manhattan crew. Vincent's grandfather, "Vinny the Shrimp", operated the same crew and passed it to his son Joseph Corrao. Joseph later passed the crew to his son Vincent.
- Salvatore "Tore" LoCascio – Capo of a Bronx crew and son of Frank "Frankie Loc" LoCascio. Along with Richard Martino, Salvatore introduced the Gambinos to online pornography operations that earned the family up to $350 million per year. In 2003, Salvatore was convicted and sent to prison. On August 1, 2008, Salvatore was released from prison.
- Louis "Louie Bracciole" Ricco – Capo of a crew in the Bronx, Brooklyn, and New Jersey. The crew controls half of the illegal gambling, loansharking and racketeering activities in the Bronx.
The Sicilian faction of the Gambino crime family is known as the Cherry Hill Gambinos. Gambino Boss Carlo Gambino created an alliance between the Gambino family and three Sicilian clans: the Inzerillo's, the Spatola's and the Di Maggio's. Carlo Gambino's relatives controlled the Inzerillo clan under Salvatore Inzerillo in Passo di Ragano, a neighborhood in Palermo, Sicily. Salvatore Inzerillo coordinated the major heroin trafficking from Sicily to the US, bringing his cousins John, Giuseppe and Rosario Gambino to the US to supervise the operation. The Gambino brothers ran a Cafe on 18th Avenue in Bensonhurst and took their name "Cherry Hill Gambinos" from Cherry Hill, New Jersey. The Gambino family in America began increasing in size with more Sicilian members.
- Giovanni "John" Gambino – Capo in the Gambino Sicilian or Zip faction. Gambino is an Italian national who belongs to the Inzerillo-Gambino-DiMaggio-Spatola clan of Sicily as well as the Gambino family. Reputedly a prominent drug trafficker, Gambino allegedly participates in the three-man ruling panel/committee that runs the crime family.
In Northern New Jersey, the Gambino family operates crews in Bergen, Passaic, and Essex Counties. In Southern New Jersey, the family operates crews in South Trenton, and Atlantic City. The two Gambino crews operating in New Jersey are the Mitarotonda crew and the Sisca crew. Other capos operating in New Jersey include John D'Amico, Louis Ricco, Francesco Cali, and Thomas Cacciopoli.
- Alphonse "Funzi" Sisca – Capo of a crew in New Jersey. He was a John Gotti ally and a former drug dealing partner of Angelo Ruggiero and Arnold Squitieri. Prior to being convicted in 2006, Sisca had spent 20 of the past 30 years in prison. He was released from prison on September 27, 2010.
- Nicholas Mitarotonda – capo of a crew in Elizabeth, New Jersey. Mitarotonda was released from federal prison on March 1, 2011.
- Nicholas "Looks" DiGiovanni – Former capo of a crew in Bloomfield, NJ. He is the great grandson of Carlo Gambino and currently resides in California where he is said to be responsible for crews in Las Vegas and Los Angeles. He was released from federal prison on August 25, 2008.
- Freddy Massaro – Capo of a South Florida crew. Massaro also owns Beachside Mario’s, a restaurant in Sunny Isles Beach.
- Leonard "Lenny" DiMaria-- Capo of a South Florida crew.
- Steven Kaplan, a family associate was the manager of the Gold Club a strip club in Atlanta, he employed women to provide sexual services in his club.
- Blaise Corozzo – Soldier and another of the Corozzo brothers. He is serving a one to three year sentence in state prison for a 2008 illegal gambling operation. His son Nicholas Corozzo, also involved with the Gambino family, was arrested in 2004. In 2009, Blaise Corozzo was released from prison.
- Andrew "Andy Campo" Campos – soldier and former acting capo of the Bronx-based LoCascio crew. Campos supervised Tore LoCascio's crew while he was in prison.
- Michael Murdocco – Soldier in Carmine Sciandra's crew. Murdocco and his son-in-law Sanitation Deputy Chief Frederick Grimaldi, rigged bids to help a New Jersey firm win a sanitation contract. In exchange for kickbacks, Grimaldi allegedly leaked bid information to Murdocco in May 2009. Currently serving two to six years in state prison after pleading guilty in March 2010 to enterprise corruption, grand larceny and receiving bribes. Murdocco was paroled on July 7, 2012.
- Rosario Spatola – member of the Cherry Hill Gambinos. His cousin is Giovanni "John" Gambino and his brother-in-law was Salvatore Inzerillo.
- Andrew Merola – former acting capo of the Mitarotonda crew. Merola is connected to Lucchese crime family Jersey faction leader Martin Taccetta. Merola's crew operates illegal gambling, loansharking, extortion and labor racketeering. Pleaded guilty to racketeering conspiracy and was sentenced to 11 years in prison. His projected release date is June 5, 2020.
- Daniel "Danny" Marino – Capo of a Queens crew involved in labor and construction racketeering. A rival of John Gotti, Marino was involved in the 1986 murder conspiracy that accidentally killed Frank DeCicco instead of Gotti.
- Bartolomeo "Bobby" Vernace – Capo of a Queens crew. Vernace allegedly operates out of his Vita Cafe in Flushing, Queens, running illegal gambling activities. Vernace is currently being held at the Metropolitan Detention Center in Brooklyn while awaiting trial.
- Vincent "Little Vinny" Artuso – capo of a crew in Broward County, Fort Lauderdale, Palm Beach County, Boca Raton and Palm Beach Island. Artuso lives in South Palm Beach, Florida. On January 22, 2008 in Fort Lauderdale, Artuso was charged with racketeering. In September 2008, Artuso was charged with racketeering, mail and wire fraud, and money laundering. Artuso is currently imprisoned at the Coleman Federal Correctional Complex in Florida; his projected release date is August 28, 2016. His son, John Vincent Artuso, is also imprisoned at Coleman; his release date is July 29, 2016.
- Anthony "Sonny" Ciccone – Capo of the Gambino crew on the Brooklyn waterfront. Currently imprisoned on several extortion charges. His projected release date is April 24, 2013.
- Louis "Big Lou" Vallario – Capo of a crew in Bensonhurst, Brooklyn since the 1980s. From 1996 to 2002, Vallario served as acting boss in the family's 'Ruling Committee/Panel. One of the last aides to John Gotti His projected release date is October 15, 2013.
- Anthony "Tony Genius" Megale – Capo of the Connecticut faction and co-leader with Domenico Cefalu of the Sicilian faction. In 2002, Megale was named acting underboss after Peter Gotti went to prison. His projected release date is July 18, 2014.
- Augustus Sclafani – former acting capo of the Corrao crew. Sclafani was the overseer of the crew while Corrao was imprisoned, but Sclafani came under indictment in 2008 Operation Old Bridge and is currently in prison.
- Nicholas "Little Nick" Corozzo – Capo. Brother of Consigliere Joseph Corozzo, uncle of Joseph Jr. and currently the most influential caporegime in the crime family. Became a fugitive for almost four months, currently incarcerated on a 13 year sentence. His projected release date is March 2, 2020.
- Dominick "Skinny Dom" Pizzonia – Capo of a crew in Queens. An enforcer and hitman with John Gotti, Pizzonia is currently serving a 15-year-sentence for gambling and loansharking conspiracy. His projected release date is on February 28, 2020.
- Ciccone Crew
- Waterfront Crew
- Franco Crew
- Sisca Crew
- The Ozone Park Boys
- Cherry Hill Gambinos (headed by John Gambino)
- Howard Beach Crew
Alliances with other criminal groupsEdit
- The Gambino-Lucchese-Genovese alliance (1953–1985) between Carlo Gambino, Tommy Lucchese, and Vito Genovese began with a plot to take over the Mafia Commission by murdering family bosses Frank Costello and Albert Anastasia. At that time, Gambino was Anastasia's new underboss and Vito Genovese was the underboss for Costello. Their first target was Costello on May 2, 1957. Costello survived the assassination attempt, but immediately decided to retire as boss in favor of Genovese. Their second target was Anastasia on October 25, 1957. The Gallo brothers (from the Colombo family) murdered Anastasia in a Manhattan barber shop, opening the war for Gambino to become the new boss of the now-Gambino crime family. After assuming power, Gambino started conspiring with Lucchese to remove their former ally Genovese. In 1959, with the assistance of Luciano, Costello, and Meyer Lansky, Genovese was arrested and Gambino assumed full control with Lucchese of the Mafia Commission. Under Gambino and Lucchese, the Commission pushed Bonanno boss Joseph Bonanno out of power, triggering an internal war in that family. In the 1960s, the Commission backed the Gallo brothers in their rebellion against Profaci family boss Joe Profaci. In 1962, Gambino's oldest son Thomas married Lucchese's daughter, strengthening the Gambino and Lucchese family alliance. Lucchese gave Gambino access into the New York airports rackets he controlled, and Gambino allowed Lucchese into some of their rackets. After Lucchese death in July 1967, Gambino used his power over the Commission to appoint Carmine Tramunti as the new Lucchese family leader. Gambino later continued the alliance with Tramunti's successor, Anthony Corallo. After Gambino's death, new Gambino boss Paul Castellano continued the Lucchese alliance. In 1985, the original Gambino-Lucchese alliance dissolved when John Gotti ordered Castellano's assassination and took power in the Gambino family without Commission approval.
- The Gambino-Lucchese alliance (1999–present) was initiated by acting Lucchese boss Steven Crea in 1999. The two families extorted the construction industry and made millions of dollars in bid-rigging. In early 2002, Lucchese Capo John Capra worked with Gambino acting Boss Arnold Squitieri, acting underboss Anthony Megale, and Bronx-based acting Capo Gregory DePalma. The group was involved in illegal gambling and extortion activities in Westchester County, New York. The members were arrested in 2005 leaving to reveal that Gambino acting Capo DePalma had allowed an FBI agent Joaquin Garcia (known as Jack Falcone) work undercover with his crew since 2002. In late 2008, Gambino family acting Capo Andrew Merola teamed with Lucchese Jersey faction acting Boss Martin Taccetta in an illegal gambling ring, shaking down unions, and extorting car dealerships. Merola was indicted in 2008 and Taccetta was returned to prison in 2009.
- The Gambino-Genovese alliance (1962–1972) was between Carlo Gambino and Genovese family acting boss/front boss Tomas Eboli. The alliance was short-lived because Eboli was unable or unwilling to repay Gambino money from a bad narcotics deal. The alliance ended when Gambino ordered Eboli's murder on July 16, 1972.
- The Gambino-Bonanno alliance (1991–2004) started with John Gotti and new Bonanno boss Joseph Massino. As a member of the Mafia Commission, Gotti helped Massino regain the Bonanno commission seat that was lost in the early 1970s. The Gambino family influenced the Bonanno family to give up narcotics trafficking and return to more traditional Cosa Nostra crimes (loan sharking, gambling, stock fraud, etc.) By the late 1990s, the Bonannos had become almost as strong as the Gambinos.
- The Gambino-Westies alliance (1970s-present) This alliance resulted from an ongoing war between the Genovese family and the Westside Gang, an Irish-American street gang in the Hell's Kitchen section of Manhattan. Genovese front boss Anthony "Fat Tony" Salerno wanted to seized control of lucrative construction rackets at the new Jacob Javits Convention Center from the Westies. When the Westies balked, Salerno ordered the murder of the top gang leaders. Eventually, the Genovese family invited the Gambinos to broker a peace agreement with the Westside Gang. As part of this agreement, the Westies formed an alliance with Gambino capo Roy DeMeo.
Government informants and witnessesEdit
- Salvatore "Sammy the Bull" Gravano, Underboss
- Michael "Mikey Scars" DiLeonardo, Caporegime
- Dominic "Fat Dom" Borghese, Soldier
- Frank "Frankie Fap" Fappiano, Soldier
- Willie Boy Johnson, Associate
- Dominick "Big Dom" LoFaro, Associate
- Frank "Red" Scollo, Gambino-associated union official
- Andrew DiDonato Associate
- Robert Mormando, Soldier (later stated in court that he is gay)
- Lewis Kasman, associate, and self-described "adopted son" of John Gotti who first became an informant in 1996. Was dropped from testifying against John Gotti Jr. for unreliability, but nevertheless received only probation for his offenses at sentencing.
Gambino family mobstersEdit
- Anthony "Tough Tony" Anastasio (Major racketeer in New York)
- Carmine Agnello
- Bartholomew "Bobby" Boriello
- Louis Capone (Worked under Albert Anastasia in the Murder Inc organisation)
- Roy DeMeo (Ran the DeMeo crew)
- William "Billy Batts" Devino
- Carmine "Charley Wagons" Fatico
- Carmine "Doctor" Lombardozzi
- Ralph "Ralphie Bones" Mosca
- Frank Piccolo
- Angelo "Quack Quack" Ruggiero
- Anthony Scotto
Trials involving Gambino familyEdit
In popular cultureEdit
- Witness to the Mob – A made-for-television movie about the life of Gambino underboss turned FBI informant Sammy Gravano.
- In the 2001 TV movie, Boss of Bosses, actor Chazz Palminteri portrays Gambino boss Paul Castellano.
- In the 1996 TV movie Gotti, actor Armand Assante portrays Gambino boss John Gotti .
- In the movie Goodfellas, Gambino family made member William "Billy Batts" DeVino (played by Frank Vincent) is killed in a fight with Thomas DeSimone (portrayed as "Tommy DeVito" by Joe Pesci) a Lucchese crime family associate.
- In the video game GTA IV, in which the setting is based on New York and New Jersey, the Gambetti family is a reference to the Gambinos. Also during the mission "Waste Not Want Knots" on route to a Mafia controlled waste management plant Michael Keane (a character) mentions the Gambinos while reciting numerous fictional and real Mafia families.
- Law & Order commonly references the Gambinos as a literary flourish but does not involve actual persons except to allude to them by the court cases that were inspired by actual events, commonly 'Ripped from the headlines'. The character of Frank Machuchi and the Machuchi crime family were based on John Gotti and the Gambino crime family.
- In Frasier season 4 episode 23, Frasier tells Daphne and Martin "It's like Christmas morning in the Gambino's household", at the end of their argument regarding their exchange of gifts.
- ↑ The Eyewitness News Investigators. "Emperor's Club: The Investigators look at the web site behind the Spitzer scandal - 3/12/08 - New York News and Tri-State News - 7online.com". Abclocal.go.com. http://abclocal.go.com/wabc/story?section=news/investigators&id=6011150. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Critchley, David (2008). The origin of organized crime in America : the New York City Mafia, 1891–1931. London: Routledge. pp. 156. ISBN 0-415-99030-0. http://books.google.com/books?id=0_wq1QreSSoC&pg=PA156&dq=%22Salvatore+D%27Aquila%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=VTxAT4eQBenc0QHEtojwBw&ved=0CEAQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=%22Salvatore%20D%27Aquila%22&f=false.
- ↑ Dash. pp. 246. http://books.google.com/books?id=FfxoHNZr4K4C&pg=PP25&dq=%22Alessandro+Vollero&hl=en&sa=X&ei=siNMT6GVE6rz0gHVxpmxDg&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAA#v=snippet&q=Cola&f=false.
- ↑ Dash, Mike (2009). First family : terror, extortion, revenge, murder, and the birth of the American mafia. [Toronto]: Doubleday Canada. pp. 252. ISBN 0-385-66751-5. http://books.google.com/books?id=FfxoHNZr4K4C&pg=PP25&dq=%22Alessandro+Vollero&hl=en&sa=X&ei=siNMT6GVE6rz0gHVxpmxDg&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22Alessandro%20Vollero&f=false.
- ↑ Dash. pp. 262. http://books.google.com/books?id=FfxoHNZr4K4C&pg=PP25&dq=%22Alessandro+Vollero&hl=en&sa=X&ei=siNMT6GVE6rz0gHVxpmxDg&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22Alessandro%20Vollero&f=false.
- ↑ Critchley. pp. 157.
- ↑ Raab. pp. 29.
- ↑ Gage, Nicholas (July 10, 1972). "The Mafia at War Part 1". New York Magazine. http://books.google.com/books?id=3-YCAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA36&dq=%22Salvatore+Maranzano%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=SMVOT-W0MI3D0AHp4IDHAg&ved=0CDkQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=%22Salvatore%20Maranzano%22&f=false. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
- ↑ "The Gambino Crime Family - Crime Library on truTV.com". Crimelibrary.com. http://www.crimelibrary.com/gangsters_outlaws/family_epics/gambino/1.html. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 "The Gambino Crime Family - Crime Library on truTV.com". Crimelibrary.com. http://www.crimelibrary.com/gangsters_outlaws/family_epics/gambino/2.html. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- ↑ "Aide of Joe Adonis is Found Shot Dead". New York Times. April 20, 1951. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=F00E17FC395F147B93C2AB178FD85F458585F9. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
- ↑ Duffy, Peter (February 17, 2002). "CITY LORE; Willie Sutton, Urbane Scoundrel". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2002/02/17/nyregion/city-lore-willie-sutton-urbane-scoundrel.html?scp=4&sq=&pagewanted=1. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
- ↑ Bigart, Homer (October 3, 1963). "Police Deride Valachi Data as Stale Rumor and Gossip". New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=F30817FA3B541A7B93C1A9178BD95F478685F9. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
- ↑ "Costello is Shot Entering Home; Gunman Escapes". New York Times. May 3, 1957. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=F10F10F6385914728FDDAA0894DD405B8789F1D3. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
- ↑ "Anastasia Slain in a Hotel Here; Led Murder, Inc.". New York Times. October 26, 1957, Saturday.
- ↑ Capeci, Jerry (October 8, 2008). "Answers About the New York Mafia". New York Times. http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/10/08/answers-about-the-new-york-mafia/?scp=1&sq=anastasia%20capeci&st=cse. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
- ↑ Capeci. pp. 9. http://books.google.com/books?id=GhfExAeLSBAC&pg=PA9&dq=%22Joseph+Biondo%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=vh5RT4i7Dcrq0gG508TADQ&ved=0CD0Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22Joseph%20Biondo%22&f=false.
- ↑ Feinberg, Alexander (April 18, 1959). "Genovese is Given 15 Years in Prison in Narcotics Case". New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=F20715FE3A5A137B93CAA8178FD85F4D8585F9. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- ↑ LaPrade, Enrique Cirules. Transl. by Douglas E. (2004). The Mafia in Havana : a Caribbean mob story. Melbourne [u.a.]: Ocean Press. pp. 111. ISBN 1-876175-42-7. http://books.google.com/books?id=sKIZpa5cVT8C&pg=PA111&dq=meyer+lansky&hl=en&sa=X&ei=OidRT6iMIann0QH-59nkDQ&ved=0CFMQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=meyer%20lansky&f=false.
- ↑ Bruno, Anthony. "The Colombo Family: Trouble and More Trouble". TruTV Crime Library. http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/gangsters_outlaws/family_epics/colombo/4.html. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- ↑ 21.0 21.1 "The Gambino Crime Family - Crime Library on truTV.com". Crimelibrary.com. http://www.crimelibrary.com/gangsters_outlaws/family_epics/gambino/3.html. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- ↑ Davis, p. 153
- ↑ "Joseph A. Colombo, Sr,. Paralyzed in Shooting at 1971 Rally, Dies". New York Times. May 24, 1978. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=F60615F6385413728DDDAD0A94DD405B888BF1D3. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- ↑ Davis. pp. 168.
- ↑ Ferrara, Eric. Manhattan Mafia guide : hits, homes and headquarters. Charleston, SC: History Press. pp. 51. ISBN 1-60949-306-0. http://books.google.com/books?id=Cf7oAVFnn_sC&pg=PA51&dq=eboli+gambino&hl=en&sa=X&ei=oChRT4eiGIfZ0QGV55jBDQ&sqi=2&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=eboli%20gambino&f=false.
- ↑ Gage, Nicholas (October 16, 1976). "Carlo Gambino, a Mafia Leader, Dies in His Long Island Home at 74". New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F10A16FF3B5B177B8EDDAF0994D8415B868BF1D3. Retrieved 2007-08-21.
- ↑ Jacobs, David (2006). The Mafia's greatest hits. New York: Citadel Press. pp. 195. ISBN 0-8065-2757-9. http://books.google.com/books?id=Eiz93kUq8NYC&pg=PA195&dq=dellacroce+Castellano&hl=en&sa=X&ei=qDRRT_vkIIHh0QGisPzTDQ&ved=0CFAQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=dellacroce%20Castellano&f=false.
- ↑ Raab. pp. 251.
- ↑ Lubasch, Arnold H. (March 31, 1984). "REPUTED LEADER OF A CRIME FAMILY IS INDICTED BY U.S.". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1984/03/31/nyregion/reputed-leader-of-a-crime-family-is-indicted-by-us.html?scp=7&sq=%22Paul+Castellano%22++indicted&st=nyt. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- ↑ 30.0 30.1 "The Gambino Crime Family - Crime Library on truTV.com". Crimelibrary.com. http://www.crimelibrary.com/gangsters_outlaws/family_epics/gambino/4.html. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- ↑ Davis. pp. 317.
- ↑ Stone, Michael (February 3, 1992). "After Gotti". New York Magazine. http://books.google.com/books?id=UQkZRpVYVH4C&pg=PA22&dq=dellacroce+gotti&hl=en&sa=X&ei=eThRT-f0Gaju0gG1r_nYDQ&ved=0CFMQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=dellacroce%20gotti&f=false. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- ↑ Blumenthal, Ralph (December 4, 1985). "ANIELLO DELLACROCE DIES AGE 71; REPUTED CRIME-GROUP FIGURE". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1985/12/04/nyregion/aniello-dellacroce-dies-ag-71-reputed-crime-group-figure.html?scp=4&sq=%22Aniello%20Dellacroce%22&st=cse. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
- ↑ Lubasch, Arnold H. (March 4, 1992). murder&st=cse&pagewanted=1 "Shot by Shot, an Ex-Aide to Gotti Describes the Killing of Castellano". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1992/03/04/nyregion/shot-by-shot-an-ex-aide-to-gotti-describes-the-killing-of-castellano.html?scp=2&sq=castellano murder&st=cse&pagewanted=1. Retrieved 7 January 2012.
- ↑ 35.0 35.1 "The Gambino Crime Family - Crime Library on truTV.com". Crimelibrary.com. http://www.crimelibrary.com/gangsters_outlaws/family_epics/gambino/5.html. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- ↑ Buder, Leonard (1987-12-23). "4 Convicted At Mob Trial In Brooklyn". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1987/12/23/nyregion/4-convicted-at-mob-trial-in-brooklyn.html?src=pm. Retrieved 2012-02-18.
- ↑ Lubasch, Arnold H. (June 24, 1992). "Gotti Sentenced to Life in Prison Without the Possibility of Parole". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1992/06/24/nyregion/gotti-sentenced-to-life-in-prison-without-the-possibility-of-parole.html?scp=9&sq=%22John+Gotti%22+sentenced&st=nyt. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
- ↑ Chen, David W. (1999-09-04). "Younger Gotti Is Sentenced To Six Years". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1999/09/04/nyregion/younger-gotti-is-sentenced-to-six-years.html. Retrieved 2012-02-18.
- ↑ Levin, Joaquin "Jack" Garcia, with Michael (2009). Making Jack Falcone : an undercover FBI agent takes down a mafia family (1st Pocket Star Books pbk. ed. ed.). New York: Pocket Star Books. pp. 5. ISBN 1-4391-4991-7. http://books.google.com/books?id=9WE0x0u1NjMC&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22Jack+Falcone%22&hl=en&src=bmrr&sa=X&ei=8YtST-2JLef30gGK-8jJDQ&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22Jack%20Falcone%22&f=false.
- ↑ Smith, Greg B. (March 10, 2005). "FBI MOLE BITES DEEP INTO MOB. 32 alleged Gambino members busted". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/news/fbi-mole-bites-deep-mob-32-alleged-gambino-members-busted-article-1.658576. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- ↑ Marzulli, John (February 8, 2008). "Feds bust Gambino bigs". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/news/crime/feds-bust-gambino-bigs-article-1.308119. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- ↑ BBC News – 'Mafiosi' held in US and Sicily BBC News, February 7, 2008
- ↑ 43.0 43.1 Marzulli, John (2011-07-29). "Wiseguy Sicilian Domenico Cefalu takes reins of Gambino crime family, once ruled by Gottis". New York Daily News. http://articles.nydailynews.com/2011-07-29/news/29844200_1_crime-family-john-gotti-lewis-kasman. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
- ↑ Marzulli, John (2010-12-10). "Feds dig up bags o' cash intended as Christmas payoff to Genovese family from longshoreman". New York Daily News. http://articles.nydailynews.com/2010-12-10/news/27083926_1_crime-family-genovese-feds. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
- ↑ Weiss, Murray (2009-03-09). "It's A Mob Scene". NYPOST.com. http://www.nypost.com/p/news/regional/item_2AcnHy0eRihAp8yfZNLplO. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
- ↑ "Latest Miscellaneous Videos". CBS News. August 14, 2006. http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=5881291/.
- ↑ Bender, William (December 7, 2009). "Ex-referee Donaghy insists bets didn't influence calls". Philly.com. http://www.philly.com/philly/hp/news_update/20091207_Ex-referee_Donaghy_insists_bets_didn_t_influence_calls.html. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
- ↑ Fanelli, James (July 23, 2007). "Ref's Hit With Some Bad Calls". New York Post. http://www.nypost.com/p/news/regional/item_CBpVFk75csIMMBVvEFPXVJ.
- ↑ "Mob Arrests On Staten Island". Myfoxny.com. 2009-11-18. http://www.myfoxny.com/dpp/news/local_news/staten_island/091118-Mob-Arrests-On-Staten-Island. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
- ↑ "Alleged mob members busted on Staten Island | 7online.com". Abclocal.go.com. 2009-11-18. http://abclocal.go.com/wabc/story?section=news/local&id=7125402. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
- ↑ The complete idiot's guide to the Mafia By Jerry Capeci (read)
- ↑ Dash, Mike. The first family: terror, extortion, revenge, murder, and the birth of the American Mafia p.24
- ↑ Crime: Computer Viruses to Twin Towers By H. Thomas Milhorn (pg.218)
- ↑ 54.0 54.1 Al Guart. "Mob Wants You; Recruiting drive sends Wiseguys tally to 651". New York Post. February 8, 2004.MOB WANTS YOU; RECRUITING DRIVE SENDS WISEGUY TALLY TO 651 – NYPOST.com
- ↑ 55.0 55.1 Capeci, Jerry (2005-12-15). "The Gambino Family Turns to Jackie Nose To Lead a Turnaround". New York Sun. http://www.nysun.com/new-york/gambino-family-turns-to-jackie-nose-to-lead/24509/. Retrieved 2011-09-03.
- ↑ The Changing Face of Organized in New Jersey A Status Report. May 2004. (pg 114–117) 
- ↑ Kati Cornell And Murray Weiss (2006-04-21). "Gambino Boss Heading To Jail – Nine Years For Geezer Godfather". NYPOST.com. http://www.nypost.com/p/news/gambino_boss_heading_to_jail_nine_IGGB6vCt8ju2vJgkMV9ncO. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
- ↑ Cohen, Stefanie (April 4, 2007). "Mob Lawyer Loses Out In Name Game". New York Post. http://www.nypost.com/p/news/regional/item_MwuX8X1bBYWV5d8y37rNrJ;jsessionid=06208546FE69AA0E8338AD5BD5DF7BC6.
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- ↑ "BAIL IS DENIED 2 IN SHOOTING IN 'PIZZA CONNECTION' CASE" New York Times February 19, 1987
- ↑ Ginsberg, Alex (March 26, 2010). "Vig's up for mob-bet big". New York Post. http://www.nypost.com/p/news/local/staten_island/vig_up_for_mob_bet_big_W6wMUT61zNtUoKyUka4OZL#ixzz0jICXOCBC.
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- ↑ Capeci, Jerry (April 26, 1995). "'VINNY OIL' IS SOUGHT IN SLAY". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/news/vinny-oil-sought-slay-article-1.682075. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
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- ↑ Capeci, Jerry (April 11, 1995). "BLOODY NEW CHAPTER IN A VIOLENT HISTORY". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/news/bloody-chapter-a-violent-history-article-1.687432. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- ↑ "U.S. INDICTS VINCENT CORRAO ON RACKETEERING CHARGES AS LONG-TIME GAMBINO CRIME FAMILY SOLDIER". United States Attorney Southern District of New York. http://www.justice.gov/usao/nys/pressreleases/June04/corraoindictmentpr.pdf. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
- ↑ Martin, Douglas (January 26, 2001). "Alfred Allegretti, 65, Heating Oil Executive". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/01/26/nyregion/alfred-allegretti-65-heating-oil-executive.html?scp=1&sq=Gambino%20capo%20Vincent%20Corrao&st=cse. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- ↑ Weiss, Murray; Singer, Heidi (June 3, 2004). "Feds 'Butch' Slap 'Capo'". New York Post. http://www.nypost.com/p/news/feds_butch_slap_capo_sCl6G2DFs66JRKV0Hf79qO.
- ↑ Campanile, Carl (February 10, 2005). "Mob Big Caves To Threat By Rats". New York Post. http://www.nypost.com/p/news/mob_big_caves_to_threat_by_rats_CXCMVS6BKx5maQJrGBFS6J.
- ↑ Tom Robbins (2004-02-10). "Cyber-Age Goodfellas – Page 1 – News – New York". Village Voice. http://www.villagevoice.com/2004-02-10/news/cyber-age-goodfellas/. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
- ↑ "Naples man considered mobster in sentencing of phone scam operation » Naples Daily News". Naplesnews.com. http://www.naplesnews.com/news/2005/nov/10/ndn_naples_man_considered_mobster_in_sentencing_of/. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
- ↑ "Mobsters Charged in Cramming Scam". Consumeraffairs.com. http://consumeraffairs.com/news04/mob_cram.html. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
- ↑ Smith, Greg B (June 25, 1998). "JUNIOR WEIGHS DEAL WOULD GET 8 YEARS IN SLAMMER". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/news/junior-weighs-deal-8-years-slammer-article-1.786355. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- ↑ Rashbaum, William K (January 21, 1998). "FEDS HAVE EYES FOR SCORES MAY SEIZE CLUB IN GOTTI PROBE". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/news/feds-eyes-scores-seize-club-gotti-probe-article-1.800688. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- ↑ Changes in Mafia Leadership Reveal New Links to US-Based La Cosa Nostra, DNI Open Source Center, November 19, 2007
- ↑ Top Sicilian Mafia Boss Arrested, Time Magazine, November 5, 2007
- ↑ Template:It icon La riscoperta dell'America nuovo fronte di Cosa Nostra, La Repubblica, July 12, 2007
- ↑ Template:It icon Guerra di mafia. Riscritta la storia del golpe di Riina, by Francesco La Licata, La Stampa, July 3, 2006[dead link]
- ↑ 89.0 89.1 Zambito, Thomas (June 7, 2009). "Beyond Gotti: New ways to make loot". Daily News (New York). http://www.nydailynews.com/news/ny_crime/2009/06/07/2009-06-07_beyond_gotti_.html.
- ↑ Cohen, Stefanie (March 8, 2009). "Its A Mob Family Circus". New York Post. http://www.nypost.com/p/news/regional/item_4tEQ1tTxpsBg9VXd9UrPOO;jsessionid=F6BB077D37F0D6F03145A5166CF1B61B.
- ↑ Murphy, Shelley (October 15, 2005). "Prison term ended, a member of crime family faces new charges". The Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2005/10/15/prison_term_ended_a_member_of_crime_family_faces_new_charges/.
- ↑ Paul Mickle. 1981: Sammy the bull strikes in Trenton 1981: Mob murder
- ↑ Kati Cornell (2006-08-03). "Judge Shows No Mercy To Capo". NYPOST.com. http://www.nypost.com/p/news/judge_shows_no_mercy_to_capo_mPrD15tPeOYGTfxTZpH25H. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
- ↑ Natalie O'Neill (2008-11-20). "Jeanette Smith’s body was dumped in Florida’s Everglades and turned up details about the Mob – Page 2 – News – Broward/Palm Beach – Broward-Palm Beach New Times". Broward/Palm Beach. http://www.browardpalmbeach.com/2008-11-20/news/jeanette-smith-s-body-was-dumped-in-florida-s-everglades-and-turned-up-details-about-the-mob/2. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
- ↑ Natalie O'Neill (2008-11-20). "A Stripper, a Mobster, and a Murder – Page 3 – News – Miami". Miami New Times. http://www.miaminewtimes.com/2008-11-20/news/a-stripper-a-mobster-and-a-murder/3. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
- ↑ Criminology. 2006 pg 413
- ↑ "Jerry Capeci: Another Corozzo Earns A Trip To The Big House". Huffingtonpost.com. August 24, 2009. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/jerry-capeci/another-corozzo-earns-a-t_b_266735.html. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
- ↑ NY State Dept of Correctional Services Inmate Information
- ↑ Marzulli, John (February 15, 2005). "$650M PORN SCAM Gambino thugs plead guilty to X-rated ring". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/news/650m-porn-scam-gambino-thugs-plead-guilty-x-rated-ring-article-1.658108. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
- ↑ Staten Island Advance/Michael Oates. "Staten Island business owner, a reputed capo, sent to prison in mob gambling, loansharking ring". SILive.com. http://www.silive.com/news/index.ssf/2010/07/staten_island_business_owner_a.html. Retrieved 2011-03-27.
- ↑ "Michael Murdocco". NYS Department of Corrections Inmate Information. http://nysdoccslookup.doccs.ny.gov/GCA00P00/WIQ3/WINQ130. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- ↑ 102.0 102.1 "Reputed crime family underboss summoned to court in Newark". NorthJersey.com. 2009-12-10. http://www.northjersey.com/news/crime_courts/121009_Reputed_crime_family_underboss_summoned_to_court_in_Newark.html. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
- ↑ 103.0 103.1 Tariq Zehawi / The Record (January 5, 2010). "Reputed top N.J. mobster admits running racketeering operation". NJ.com. http://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2010/01/reputed_nj_mobster_pleads_guil.html. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
- ↑ "NOSTORY | Daily Record". dailyrecord.com. http://www.dailyrecord.com/article/20101030/COMMUNITIES/310300003/1005/NEWS01/Reputed-East-Hanover-mobster-sentenced-in-racketeering-scheme. Retrieved 2011-03-27. [dead link]
- ↑ Zambito, Thomas (August 25, 2006). "A RAT? JUNIOR'S CHEESE TOO OLD". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/news/a-rat-junior-cheese-old-article-1.590171. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
- ↑ McPhee, Michele (April 29, 1998). "MAFIA LINKS EYED IN S.I. SLAYING". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/news/mafia-links-eyed-s-i-slaying-article-1.802300. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
- ↑ "Metro Area News". Daily News (New York). April 24, 1999. http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/news/1999/04/24/1999-04-24_metro_area_news.html. [dead link]
- ↑ "Bartolomeo Vernace". Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator. http://www.bop.gov/iloc2/InmateFinderServlet?Transaction=NameSearch&needingMoreList=false&FirstName=Bartolomeo&Middle=&LastName=Vernace&Race=U&Sex=U&Age=&x=66&y=11. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- ↑ "Federal Bureau of Investigation Miami Field Division Press Release – Department of Justice". Miami.fbi.gov. http://miami.fbi.gov/dojpressrel/pressrel08/mm20080124.htm. Retrieved 2010-08-28. [dead link]
- ↑ Spencer, Susan (2008-09-11). "Local News: West Palm Beach, Palm Beach County, Martin & St. Lucie Counties". The Palm Beach Post. http://www.palmbeachpost.com/localnews/content/local_news/epaper/2008/09/11/0911artuso.html. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
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- ↑ Glaberson, William (March 18, 2003). "Peter Gotti Is Convicted In Mob Trial". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2003/03/18/nyregion/peter-gotti-is-convicted-in-mob-trial.html. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- ↑ "Federal Bureau of Prisons". Bop.gov. 2007-06-22. http://www.bop.gov/iloc2/InmateFinderServlet?Transaction=NameSearch&needingMoreList=false&FirstName=Anthony&Middle=&LastName=Ciccone&Race=W&Sex=M&Age=&x=61&y=15. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
- ↑ Feuer, Alan (April 26, 2001). "Using an Informer, U.S. Agents Charge 45 in Mafia Crimes". The New York Times. http://liveweb.archive.org/http://www.nytimes.com/2001/04/26/nyregion/26MOB.html?ex=1236056400&en=07fed5ca4340a254&ei=5070. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
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- ↑ "Connecticut Man Charged in Extortion by Mob". The New York Times. September 30, 2004. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9906E1DB1538F933A0575AC0A9629C8B63&scp=1&sq=Anthony%20Megale&st=cse. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- ↑ "Manhattan: Crime Boss Is Sentenced". The New York Times. September 7, 2006. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/09/07/nyregion/07mbrfs-005.html?_r=1&scp=2&sq=Anthony%20Megale&st=cse. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
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- ↑ "U.S. v. Joseph Agate, et al. Brooklyn Queens Organized Crime Mob Mafia Indictment" (PDF). http://fl1.findlaw.com/news.findlaw.com/wp/docs/orgcrime/usagate20608ind.pdf. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
- ↑ Marzulli, John (April 18, 2009). "Gambino capo Nicholas (Little Nick) Corozzo's 13Template:Fraction year jail sentence ends hopes of becoming boss". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/news/crime/gambino-capo-nicholas-nick-corozzo-13-1-2-year-jail-sentence-ends-hopes-boss-article-1.363608. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
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- ↑ Reputed Gambino Figure Sentenced in ’92 Deaths of Mob Antagonists By TRYMAINE LEE Published: September 6, 2007, New York Times
- ↑ Metro Briefing | New York: Brooklyn: Suspect In Mob Slaying Is Out On Bond By WILLIAM K. RASHBAUM (NYT); COMPILED BY THOMAS J. LUECK Published: December 28, 2005, New York Times
- ↑ "Federal Bureau of Prisons". Bop.gov. http://www.bop.gov/iloc2/InmateFinderServlet?Transaction=NameSearch&needingMoreList=false&FirstName=Dominick&Middle=&LastName=Pizzonia&Race=W&Sex=M&Age=&x=28&y=6. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
- ↑ November 5, 2009 (2009-11-05). "Colombo Family authorized Junior Gotti Hit". Mafiatoday.com. http://mafiatoday.com/?p=2543. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
- ↑ Raab, Selwyn (August 8, 1999). "Investigators Detail a New Mob Strategy on Building Trades". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1999/08/08/nyregion/investigators-detail-a-new-mob-strategy-on-building-trades.html. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
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- ↑ "60 Minutes: FBI Wiseguy Fooled The Mob". CBS News. October 9, 2008. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/10/09/60minutes/main4512252.shtml?source=mostpop_story.
- ↑ Raab, Selwyn (September 3, 1995). "With Gotti Away, the Genoveses Succeed the Leaderless Gambinos". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/09/03/nyregion/with-gotti-away-the-genoveses-succeed-the-leaderless-gambinos.html?scp=6&sq=Carmine%20Persico&st=cse. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- ↑ Howe, Marvine (August 16, 1988). "Two Tied to Westies Gang Surrender to Face Charges". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1988/08/16/nyregion/two-tied-to-westies-gang-surrender-to-face-charges.html. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- ↑ Lubasch, Arnold H. (November 6, 1987). "Westies Informer Tells of Links to Gambino Mob". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1987/11/06/nyregion/westies-informer-tells-of-links-to-gambino-mob.html. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- ↑ Greg B. Smith; Jerry Capeci (1998-07-16). "Fat Dom's Showdown". New York Daily News. http://articles.nydailynews.com/1998-07-16/news/18090011_1_borghese-gotti-co-defendants. Retrieved 2012-04-15.
- ↑ Marzulli, John (2011-01-21). "Freed from jail thanks to DNA evidence, Scott Fappiano back in slammer after massive FBI Mafia bust". New York Daily News. http://articles.nydailynews.com/2011-01-21/news/27096156_1_dna-evidence-dna-testing-innocence-project. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- ↑ Glaberson, William (2003-01-29). "Former Union Boss at Mob Trial Says He Just Followed Orders". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/29/nyregion/former-union-boss-at-mob-trial-says-he-just-followed-orders.html. Retrieved 2012-04-15.
- ↑ Feuer, Alan (October 21, 2009). "Telling Court He's Gay, Mob Informer Crosses Line". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/21/nyregion/21gaymob.html?scp=1&sq=Mob%20Informer%20Tells%20Court%20He's%20Gay&st=cse.
- ↑ Hinckley, David (2008-03-26). "Mob turncoat Lewis Kasman was just 'like a son' to John Gotti". New York Daily News. http://articles.nydailynews.com/2008-03-26/news/17892975_1_junior-gotti-john-gotti-lewis-kasman. Retrieved 2011-10-25.
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- ↑ Alison Gendar; Larry McShane (2009-10-21). "Prosecutors won't call mafia turncoat Lewis Kasman to rat on 'adopted brother' John (Junior) Gotti". New York Daily News. http://articles.nydailynews.com/2009-10-21/news/17935148_1_gotti-dapper-don-lewis-kasman. Retrieved 2011-10-25.
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- Davis, John H. Mafia Dynasty: The Rise and Fall of the Gambino Crime Family. New York: HarperCollins, 1993. ISBN 978-0-06-016357-0
- Jacobs, James B., Christopher Panarella and Jay Worthington. Busting the Mob: The United States Vs. Cosa Nostra. New York: NYU Press, 1994. ISBN 978-0-8147-4230-3
- Maas, Peter. Underboss: Sammy the Bull Gravano's Story of Life in the Mafia. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1997. ISBN 978-0-06-093096-7
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bg:Гамбино de:Gambino-Familie es:Familia criminal Gambino fr:Famille Gambino it:Gambino (famiglia) lt:Gambino šeima nl:Gambino ja:ガンビーノ一家 no:Gambino-familien pl:Rodzina Gambino ru:Семья Гамбино simple:Gambino crime family sv:Familjen Gambino