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The Colombo crime family is the youngest of the "Five Families" that dominates organized crime activities in New York City, United States, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra).
In 1928, Joseph Profaci formed the Profaci crime family. Profaci would rule his family without interruption or challenge until the late 1950s. The family has been torn by three internal wars. The first war took place during the late 1950s when capo Joe Gallo revolted against Profaci. The first war lost momentum in the early 1960s when Gallo was arrested and Profaci died of cancer. The family then came together under boss Joseph Colombo. In 1971, the second family war began after Gallo's release from prison and the shooting of Colombo. Colombo supporters led by Carmine Persico won the second war after the exiling of the Gallo crew to the Genovese family in 1975. The family would now enjoy two decades of peace under Persico and his string of acting bosses.
In 1991, the third and bloodiest war erupted when acting boss Victor Orena tried to seize power from the imprisoned Carmine Persico. The family split into factions loyal to Orena and Persico and two years of mayhem ensued. In 1993, with 12 family members dead and Orena imprisoned, Persico was the winner more or less by default. He was left with a family decimated by war. In the 2000s, the family was crippled by multiple convictions in federal racketeering cases and numerous members becoming government witnesses. Most observers believe that the Colombo crime family is the weakest of the Five Families of New York City.
In September 1921, Joseph Profaci arrived in New York City from Villabate, Sicily, Italy. After struggling in Chicago with his businesses, Profaci moved back to Brooklyn in 1925 and become a well known olive oil importer. On September 27, Profaci obtained his American citizenship. With his olive oil importing business doing well, Profaci made deals with friends from his old town in Sicily and one of his largest buyers was Tampa mobster Ignazio Italiano. Profaci controlled a small criminal gang that operated mainly in Brooklyn. The dominant Cosa Nostra groups in Brooklyn were led by Salvatore D'Aquila, Frankie Yale, Giuseppe Masseria, and Nicola Schiro.
On July 1, 1928, Brooklyn mobster Frankie Yale was murdered by Chicago Outfit boss Al Capone's hit-men. Capone murdered Yale because Yale refused to give Capone, a Neopolitan, control over the Unione Siciliana fraternal association. Yale's murder allowed Profaci and his brother in-law Joseph Magliocco to gain territory for their small gang. Profaci's gang gained territory in Bensonhurst, Bay Ridge, Red Hook and Carroll Gardens while the rest of Yale's group went to the Masseria family.
On October 10, 1928, the capo di tutti capi, Salvatore "Toto" D'Aquila, was murdered, resulting in a fight for D'Aquila's territory. To prevent a gang war in Brooklyn, a Mafia meeting was called on December 5, 1928, at the Statler Hotel in Cleveland, Ohio. The site was chosen because it was neutral territory outside New York under Porrello crime family control and protection. The main topic was dividing D'Aquila's territory. Attendees representing Brooklyn included Profaci, Magliocco, Vincent Mangano (who reported to D'Aqulia family boss Alfred "Al Mineo" Manfredi), Joseph Bonanno (who represented Salvatore Maranzano and the Castellammarese Clan), Chicago mobsters Joseph Guinta and Pasquale Lolordo, and Tampa mobster Ignazio Italiano. At the end of the meeting, Profaci received a share of D'Aqulia's Brooklyn territory.
The Castellammarese WarEdit
- Main article: Castellammarese War
Months after the D'Aquila murder, Joe Masseria began a campaign to become Capo di tutti capi (Boss of Bosses) in the United States demanding tribute from the remaining three Mafia groups in New York City which included the Reina family, the Castellammarese Clan and the Profaci family. Castellammarese Clan boss Salvatore Maranzano began his own campaign to become boss of bosses, this started the Castellammarese War. Masseria along with his allie Alfred Manfredi, the new boss of the D'Aquila family ordered the murder of Gaetano Reina. Masseria believed that Reina was going to support Maranzano to become the new boss of bosses. On February 26, 1930, Gaetano Reina was murdered and Masseria appointed Joseph Pinzolo as the new boss of the Reina family. During the war Profaci remained neutral, while he secretly supported Maranzano.
The Castellammarese War ended when Charles "Lucky" Luciano, a Masseria lieutenant, betrayed him to Maranzano. Luciano set up the murder of Masseria on April 15, 1931. Maranzano then became the new Capo di tutti capi in the United States. Within a few months, Maranzano and Luciano were plotting to kill each other. On September 10, 1931, Luciano had Maranzano killed and created the Mafia Commission. Now there would be five independent Cosa Nostra families in New York City and twenty one additional families across the United States that were regulated by a supreme Commission in New York.
First Family War (1960-1963)Edit
Joseph Profaci had become a wealthy Mafia boss and was known as "the olive-oil and tomato paste king of America". One of Profaci's most unpopular demands was a $25 monthly tribute from every soldier in his family. In the late 1950s, capo Frank "Frankie Shots" Abbatemarco became a problem for Joe Profaci. Abbatemarco controlled a lucrative policy game that earned him nearly $2.5 million a year with an average of $7,000 a day in Red Hook, Brooklyn. In early 1959, Abbatemarco, with the support of Gallo brothers and the Garfield Boys, began refusing to pay tribute to Profaci. By late 1959, Abbatemarco's debt had grown to $50,000 and Profaci allegedly ordered Joe Gallo to murder Abbatemarco. However, other versions of the story indicate that Gallo played no part in this murder. In return for Abbatemarco's murder, Profaci allegedly agreed to give the Gallos control over Abbatemarco's policy game. On November 4, 1959, Frank Abbatemarco walked out of his cousin's bar in Park Slope, Brooklyn and was shot and killed by Joseph Gioielli and another hitman. Profaci then ordered the Gallos to hand over Abbatemaro's son Anthony. The Gallos refused and Profaci refused to give them the policy game. This was the start of the First Colombo war. The Gallo brothers and the Garfield boys (led by Carmine Persico) were aligned against Profaci and his loyalists.
On February 27, 1961 the Gallos kidnapped four of Profaci's top men: underboss Joseph Magliocco, Frank Profaci (Joe Profaci's brother), capo Salvatore Musacchio and soldier John Scimone. Profaci himself eluded capture and flew to sanctuary in Florida. While holding the hostages, Larry and Albert Gallo sent Joe Gallo to California. Profaci's Consigliere Charles "the Sidge" LoCicero negotiated with the Gallos and all the hostages were released peacefully. However, Profaci had no intention of honoring this peace agreement. On August 20, 1961 Joseph Profaci ordered the murder of Gallo members Joseph "Joe Jelly" Gioielli and Larry Gallo. Gunmen allegedly murdered Gioilli after inviting him to go deep sea fishing. Gallo survived a strangulation attempt in the Sahara club of East Flatbush by Carmine Persico and Salvatore "Sally" D'Ambrosio after a police officer intervened. The Gallos then began calling Persico "The Snake"; he had betrayed them, the war continued on resulting in nine murders and three disappearances.
In late November 1961, Joe Gallo was sentenced to seven-to-fourteen years in prison for murder. In 1962, Joe Profaci died of cancer, leaving Joe Magliocco, his longtime underboss, as the new boss. The war continued on between the two factions. In 1963, Carmine Persico survived a car bombing and his enforcer Hugh McIntosh was shot in the groin as he attempted kill Larry Gallo. On May 19, 1963, a Gallo hit team shot Carmine Persico multiple times, but Persico survived.
In 1963, Magliocco and Bonanno boss Joseph Bonanno hatched an audacious plan to murder bosses Carlo Gambino, Tommy Lucchese, Stefano Magaddino and Frank DeSimone and take over the Mafia Commission. Joseph Magliocco gave the murder contact to Joseph Colombo. Colombo either feared for his life, or sensed an opportunity for advancement, and instead reported the plot to The Commission. Both Magliocco and Bonanno were forced to retire.
Colombo and Italian American Civil Rights LeagueEdit
In 1963, the Commission rewarded Colombo for his loyalty by allowing him to take over the Profaci family, which he renamed the Colombo family. The 41-year-old Colombo was the youngest boss in New York at the time. He was also the first boss to have been born and raised in the United States.
Along with former Gallo crew member Nicholas Bianco and New England family boss Raymond Patriarca, Colombo was able to end the war. As a reward for his loyalty, Bianco was made into the Colombo family. As boss, Colombo brought peace and stability to the broken crime family. However, some Cosa Nostra bosses viewed Colombo as Carlo Gambino's "puppet boss" and felt he never deserved the title. Colombo's leadership was never challenged due to his support from Carlo Gambino. In 1968, Gallo crew leader Larry Gallo died of cancer.
In 1969, Colombo founded the Italian-American Civil Rights League, dedicated to fighting discrimination against Italian-Americans. Many mobsters disapproved of the League because it brought unwanted public attention to the Cosa Nostra. Colombo ignored their concerns and continued gaining support for his league. On July 28, 1970, Colombo held the first league demonstration, a big success. In 1971, months before the second demonstration, the other New York bosses ordered their men to stay away from the demonstration and not support Colombo's cause. Also in 1971, Colombo lost one of his biggest supporters, the league's chief organizer Gambino family capo Joseph DeCicco, who had become ill and resigned. In 1971, Joe Gallo was also released from prison. At the time of his release, Gallo said the 1963 peace agreement did not apply to him because he was in prison when it was negotiation.
Second Family War (1971-1975)Edit
On June 28, 1971, Colombo held the second League demonstration at Columbus Circle in Manhattan. As Colombo prepared to speak, an African-American man, Jerome Johnson, walked up to Colombo and shot him in the back of the head three times; seconds later, Colombo's bodyguards shot Johnson to death. The shooting did not kill Colombo but left him paralyzed for seven years; he died of natural causes on May 22, 1978. Although many in the Colombo family blamed Joe Gallo for the shooting, the police eventually concluded that Johnson was a lone gunman. Regardless, the Colombo shooting triggered the Second Colombo war.
Colombo's Consigliere Joseph Yacovelli became the family acting boss, and he directed a new campaign to murder Joe Gallo and his crew. On April 7, 1972, acting on a quick tip, four gunmen walked into Umberto's Clam House in Little Italy and killed Joe Gallo as he was dining with his family. Looking for revenge, Albert Gallo sent a gunman from Las Vegas to the Neopolitan Noodle restaurant in Manhattan, where Yacovelli, Alphonse Persico, and Langella were dining one day. However, the gunman did not recognize the mobsters and shot four innocent diners instead, killing two of them. After this assassination attempt, Yacovelli fled New York, leaving Carmine Persico as the new boss.
The Second Colombo war continued on and off for the next several years. In 1975, the Gallo faction itself split into two groups that started fighting each other. To finally resolve the conflict, the New York families negotiated an agreement in which Albert Gallo and his remaining crew left the Colombo family and peacefully joined the Genovese family. The Gallo wars were finally over.
The family under PersicoEdit
Following the high-profile media exposure of Joseph Colombo and the murderous excesses of Joe Gallo, the Colombo family entered a period of comparative calm and stability. With Colombo in a coma, the family leadership went to Thomas DiBella, a man adept at evading the authorities since his sole bootlegging conviction in 1932. However, DiBella was unable to prevent the Gambino family from chipping away at Colombo rackets, and the Colombos declined in power. Poor health forced DiBella to retire in 1977, and Colombo died in 1978. The Colombo family was facing another power vacuum.
During the 1970s, Carmine Persico had grown in stature within the family and was considered to be the clear successor as boss. However, Persico had spent much of this time in prison, and it was unclear if he could effectively rule the family from prison. Nevertheless, Persico took control, designating Gennaro "Jerry Lang" Langella as his street boss. In 1986, both men were convicted on massive Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) charges and were sentenced to 100 years. In 1988, Persico named Victor Orena as the new acting boss. It was understood that Orena was merely keeping the boss' chair warm for Alphonse "Little Ally Boy" Persico, Carmine's son.
Third Family War (1991-1993)Edit
Orena, an ambitious capo from Cedarhurst, was initially content with serving as acting boss. However, in 1990, using his strong ties to Gambino boss John Gotti, Orena petitioned the Mafia Commission to declare him the official boss of the Colombo family. Unwilling to cause more conflict, the Commission refused. Orena then instructed consigliere Carmine Sessa to poll the capos on whether Orena should become boss. Instead, Sessa alerted Persico that Orena was staging a palace coup. On June 21, 1991, an enraged Persico sent gunmen under Sessa's leadership to murder Orena at his house. However, Orena managed to escape before the gunmen could strike. The third Colombo war had begun.
While both sides appealed to the Commission for help, the war continued. On November 1991, Gregory Scarpa Sr., a Persico loyalist, was driving his daughter and granddaughter home when several Orena gunmen ambushed them. Scarpa and his relatives managed to escape. The war continued until 1992, when law enforcement imprisoned Orena and most of his loyalists.
Twelve people, including three innocent bystanders, died in this gang war. More than 80 made members and associates from both sides of the Colombo family were convicted, jailed or indicted. These included Persico's brother Theodore "Teddy" Persico and his son Alphonse Persico, DeRoss, and Orena's two sons, Victor Jr. Orena and John Orena.
While the Colombo war raged, the Commission refused to allow any Colombo member to sit on the Commission and considered dissolving the family. Lucchese underboss Anthony Casso proposed to merge the family with his own to end the war, while in 2000 plans were proposed to split its manpower and resources among the remaining families. In 2002, with the help of Bonanno family boss Joseph Massino, the Commission finally allowed the Colombos to rejoin them.
The family after Third Colombo WarEdit
Persico, the winner more or less by default, designated his son Alphonse as acting boss. "Little Ally Boy" officially took over after his 1995 parole, but didn't rule for long. In 1999, he was arrested in Fort Lauderdale after being caught in possession of a pistol and shotgun; as a convicted racketeer he was barred from carrying guns. Shortly afterward, he ordered the murder of underboss William "Wild Bill" Cutolo, a supporter of Orena during the Third Colombo War. Cutolo's son, vowing revenge, offered to wear a wire and pose as a prospective Colombo associate. Based on evidence from this wire, Little Allie Boy was indicted on RICO charges. Realizing he stood no chance of acquittal, he pleaded guilty to the state charges in February 2000 and to the RICO charges in December 2001. In 2004, Alphonse Persico and Underboss John "Jackie" DeRoss were indicted for the Cutolo murder. In December 2007, both men were covicted and sentenced to life in prison.
When Alphonse Persico went to prison Thomas "Tommy Shots" Gioeli, became the new street boss. In June 2008, Gioeli, underboss John "Sonny" Franzese, former consigliere Joel "Joe Waverly" Cacace, captain Dino Calabro, mob soldier Dino Saracino and several members and associates were indicted on multiple racketeering charges which included loan sharking, extortion and three murders dating back to the Colombo Wars. If convicted, they are all facing life sentences.
After Gioeli was imprisoned, Ralph F. DeLeo, who operated from Boston, Massachusetts, became the new street boss. On December 17, 2009, the FBI charged DeLeo and Colombo family members with drug trafficking, extortion and loansharking in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, Florida and Arkansas.
After DeLeo was imprisoned, Andrew "Andy Mush" Russo, became the new street boss. On January 20, 2011, street boss Andrew Russo, acting underboss Benjamin Castellazzo, consigliere Richard Fusco, and others were charged with murder, narcotics trafficking, and labor racketeering. In September 2011, Castellazzo and Fusco pleaded guilty to reduced charges. In December 2011, is was revealed that capo Reynold Maragni wore a wire for the FBI and gained information about Thomas Gioeli's role in the 1999 murder of William Cutolo.
Boss (official and acting)Edit
The Boss (also sometimes called Godfather or Don) is the head of his own family. He makes all the major decisions within the organization. The Boss, Underboss, and Consigliere are the only men allowed to induct an associate into the family. If the Boss is incarcerated or debilitated, he chooses an Acting Boss to enforce his decisions.
- 1928–1962 — Joseph Profaci – died of natural causes
- 1962–1963 — Joseph Magliocco – forced to retire by Mafia Commission
- 1963–1971 — Joseph Colombo – paralyzed by assassination attempt
- Acting 1971–1972 — Joseph Yacovelli – fled, after the murder of Joe Gallo
- 1973–present — Carmine "Junior" Persico – imprisoned 1973–1979 for truck-hijacking, 1981–1984 for criminal conspiracy, 1985–present
- Acting - 1973–1979 — Thomas DiBella – stepped down, became consigliere
- Acting - 1981–1983 — Alphonse "Allie Boy" Persico – Carmine Persico's brother; fugitive 1980–1987, imprisoned
- Acting - 1983–1984 — Gennaro "Jerry Lang" Langella – imprisoned
- Acting - 1985–1987 — Anthony "Scappy" Scarpati – imprisoned
- Acting - 1987— Ruling Panel: Benedetto Aloi, Vincent "Jimmy" Angelino and Joseph T. Tomasello – disbanded September 1987
- Acting - 1987–1991 — Vittorio "Vic" Orena – imprisoned sentenced to life
- Acting - 1991–1993 — Vacant – disputed leadership during the third war
- Acting - 1993–1994 — Ruling Panel: Joseph Tomasello, Theodore "Teddy" Persico and Joseph Baudanza – disbanded 1994
- Acting - 1994–1996 — Andrew "Andy Mush" Russo  – imprisoned March 1997
- Acting - 1996–present — Alphonse "Little Allie Boy" Persico – Carmine Persico's son; imprisoned 2000–present 
- 1991–1994 — Joseph T. Tomasello
- 1994–1996 — Alphonse "Little Allie Boy" Persico – became acting boss
- 1996–1999 — Andrew "Andy Mush" Russo – imprisoned
- 2000–2003 — Joel "Joe Waverly" Cacace – imprisoned January 2003
- 2003–2008 — Thomas "Tommy Shots" Gioeli – imprisoned June 2008
- 2008–2009 — Ralph F. DeLeo – operated from New England, imprisoned December 2009
- 2009–2010 — Ruling Panel – Theodore N. Persico, Jr. (jailed) and others
- 2010–present — Andrew "Andy Mush" Russo – jailed January 2011
Underboss (official and acting)Edit
- 1927–1962 — Joseph "Joe Malyak" Magliocco – promoted to Boss
- 1962–1963 — Salvatore "Sally the Sheik" Musacchio – brother-in-law to Joseph Magliocco
- 1963–1967 — John "Sonny" Franzese – imprisoned
- 1967–1971 — Charles "Charlie Lemons" Mineo – stepped down
- 1971–1973 — Sebastian "Buster" Aloi
- 1973–1977 — Anthony "Tony Shots" Abbatemarco – fled
- Acting 1973–1975 — Andrew "Andy Mush" Russo
- 1977–1981 — Alphonse "Allie Boy" Persico – Carmine Persico's brother; promoted to Acting Boss
- 1981–1994 — Gennaro "Jerry Lang" Langella – promoted to Acting Boss
- 1994–1999 — Joel "Joe Waverly" Cacace – became Consigliere
- Acting 1993–1999 — Benedetto "Benny" Aloi
- 1999 — William "Wild Bill" Cutolo – murdered 1999
- 1999–2004 — John DeRoss – imprisoned life sentence
- Acting 2001–2003 — Thomas Gioeli – promoted to Acting Boss
- 2004–present — John "Sonny" Franzese – On January 14, 2011, was sentenced to eight years in prison.
Consigliere (official and acting)Edit
- 1931–1954 — Salvatore Profaci – Joseph Profaci's brother; died
- 1954–1963 — Carlaggero "Charles the Sidge" LoCicero – murdered 1968
- 1963–1969 — Benedetto D'Alessandro
- 1970–1973 — Joseph "Joey Yack" Yacovelli – became Acting Boss 1971
- 1973–1977 — Alphonse "Allie Boy" Persico – Carmine Persico's brother; promoted to Underboss
- 1977–1983 — Thomas "Old Man" DiBella – stepped down
- 1983–1988 — Alphonse "Allie Boy" Persico – Carmine Persico's brother; died in 1989
- 1988–1993 — Carmine Sessa
- Acting - 1988–1991 — Benedetto "Benny" Aloi – promoted to Acting Underboss
- Acting - 1991–1993 — Vacant – disputed leadership during the third war
- 1993–1999 — Vincenzo "Vinny" Aloi
- 1999–2008 — Joel "Joe Waverly" Cacace – promoted to Acting Boss
- Acting - 2001–2004 — Ralph "Ralphie" Lombardo
- Acting - 2004–2008 — Vincenzo "Vinny" Aloi
- 2008–2011 — Richard "Ritchie Nerves" Fusco – jailed January 2011
- 2011–present — Thomas "Tom Mix" Farese – jailed on January 5, 2012
Factions of the third warEdit
The Colombo crime family divided into two factions during the third family war (1991 to 1993).
The Persico faction
- Boss – Carmine "Junior" Persico
- Acting Boss – Joseph T. Tomasello
- Underboss – Jerry Langella
- Acting Underboss – Joseph "JoJo" Russo
- Consigliere – Carmine Sessa
The Orena faction
Current family membersEdit
- Boss Carmine "Junior" Persico – has been boss since 1973. In 1986, Persico was convicted in the Mafia Commission Trial and sentenced to 100 years in federal prison. His projected release date is March 20, 2050.
- Acting Boss Alphonse "Little Allie Boy" Persico – is Carmine Persico's son, holding the title of "Acting Boss". In 2009, Alphonse was sentenced to life in prison and is currently in the United States Penitentiary, Florence in Colorado.
- Street Boss Andrew "Andy Mush" Russo – is Carmine Persico's cousin. In November 1986, Russo was sentenced to 14 years, he was released on July 29, 1994 under special parole conditions. In August 1999, Russo was convicted of jury tampering and sentenced to 57 months, he was also sentenced to 123 months for both parole violation and his involvement in a racketeering case of a Long Island carting company. In March 2010, after his parole period expired, Russo became Street boss. In January 2011, Russo was indicted on federal racketeering charges. Russo is currently being held at the Brooklyn Metropolitan Detention Center. His projected release date is unknown.
- Underboss John "Sonny" Franzese – in 2011, Franzese was sentenced to eight years in prison. His projected release date is June 25, 2017.
- Acting Underboss Benjamin "The Claw" Castellazzo – on January 20, 2011, Castellazzo was indicted on federal racketeering charges. In September 2011, Castellazzo pleaded guilty to a reduced charge. He is currently incarcerated at the Metropolitan Detention Center in Brooklyn.
- Consigliere Thomas "Tom Mix" Farese – is Carmine Persico's nephew. His wife Suzanne is the daughter of the late Alphonse Persico (Carmine Persico's brother). During the 1970s, Farese moved from Boston to Fort Lauderdale, Florida where he became friends with Colombo mobster Nicholas Forlano. In July 1978, Farese was made into the Colombo family. In 1980, he was convicted of smuggling marijuana and was sentenced to 30 years in prison, he was released in 1994. In 1998, Farese plead guilty to money laundering. On January 5, 2012, Farese was arrested on charges of loansharking and money laundering in South Florida. Prosecutors obtained evidence on Farese through a recording device on government informant Reynold Maragni. On March 22, 2012, Farese was released from jail on $2.5 million bond.
- (In prison) Thomas "Tommy Shots" Gioeli – a capo and former Street boss. Gioeli's crew is operating in Brooklyn, Staten Island and Long Island. In June 2008, Gioeli along with John Franzese, Joel Cacace, Dino Calabro, Dino Saracino were indicted on multiple racketeering and murders from the third Colombo family War. In 2011, Gioeli's acting capo Paul Bevacqua became a government informant. As of October 2011, Gioeli is being held at the Metropolitan Detention Center in Brooklyn.
- Joseph Baudanza – a capo with operations in Brooklyn, Manhattan and Staten Island. Baudanza along with his brother Carmine and nephew John were arrested and convicted on stock fraud in 2008. Baudanza was released from prison in February 2011.
- William "Billy" Russo – a capo and the youngest son of Andrew Russo. His brother Joseph "Jo Jo" Russo died in prison in 2007.
Long Island faction
- Ralph "Ralphie" Lombardo – a capo and former acting consigliere. Lombardo runs bookmaking and loansharking activities on Long Island. In 1975, Lombardo was convicted of conspiracy of selling stock in an automobile leasing company in New Jersey. In 2003, Lombardo was the Consigliere and he was indicted on illegal gambling, loan-sharking and witness tampering. He was released from prison on August 27, 2006.
- (In prison) Michael Uvino – a capo since 2007. Uvino ran his crew from "The sons of Italy Social Club" in Hauppauge, Long Island. In 2009, Uvino was sentenced to 10 years for running illegal card games on Long Island and for assaulting two men. His projected release date is May 24, 2016.
New England faction
- Ralph F. DeLeo – lives in Somerville, Massachusetts and led the New England faction for family. He met Alphonse Persico in prison in the 1990s. When DeLeo was released in 1997, he was inducted into Colombo crime family. In 2008, DeLeo became Street Boss after Thomas Gioeli was arrested. On December 17, 2009, DeLeo was indicted on racketeering charges from crimes in five different states.
- Vincenzo "Vinny" Aloi – a former consigliere, semi-retired in 2008, is residing in Florida.
- Richard "Ritchie Nerves" Fusco – a former consigliere. On January 20, 2011, Fusco was indicted on federal racketeering charges. On September 29, 2011, Fusco pleaded guilty to running a shakedown scheme against the Gambino family; he is likely to receive 18 to 24 months in prison. Fusco is currently incarcerated at the Metropolitan Detention Center in Brooklyn.
- Vincent Langella – the son of Gennaro Langella. In 2001, Langella pled guilty to racketeering conspiracy. On July 3, 2001, he was sentenced to 27 months in prison. Langella was released on April 12, 2005.
- Charles "Moose" Panarella – a hitman who spent time in Las Vegas. Declared mentally unfit for trial, under house arrest.
- Daniel Persico – the son of Theodore Persico. In March 2000, Daniel was arrested and later convicted on a pump and dump stock scam. He was released from prison on November 14, 2003.
- Thomas Petrizzo – a soldier who operated a contracting company in Middlesex, New Jersey.
- Theodore "Teddy" Persico - brother to Carmine Persico, uncle to Alphonse "Little Allie Boy" Persico, and father to Theodore N. Persico Jr. Theodore Sr. has been a capo in Brooklyn since the 1970s. He served on the family ruling panel from the early 1990s until his arrest and conviction. Theodore Sr.'s projected release date from prison is October 9, 2013.
- Theodore N. Persico Jr. - the son of Theodore Persico. Worked with his cousins Michael Persico and Lawrence Persico. Theodore Jr. is currently imprisoned awaiting trial.
- John "Jackie" DeRoss – a soldier serving life in prison after his 2009 conviction for the 1999 William Cutolo murder. DeRoss is a brother-in-law to Carmine Persico and served as underboss from 1999 to 2004.
- Vincent "Chickie" DeMartino - a soldier. In 1993, DeMartino was sentenced to four years in prison on weapons charges. In 1999, Alphonse Persico ordered DeMartino and Thomas Gioeli to murder William Cutolo. On July 16, 2001, DeMartino and Michael Spataro attempted to murder Joseph Campanella, but failed. In May 2004, Campanella testified against DeMartino. DeMartino has a projected release date of January 1, 2025.
- Anthony "Chucky" Russo - a soldier and cousin to William "Billy" Russo. In the 1990s, Anthony Russo worked closely with his now deceased cousin Joseph "Jo Jo" Russo in Brooklyn and Long Island.
- Michael Catapano - a former acting capo and a nephew of John Franzese. Catapano is currently serving a 6½ year prison sentence after pleading guilty to extorting a pizzeria and a gambling club. His projected release date is May 1, 2016.
- Lawrence "Larry" Persico – the son of imprisoned family boss Carmine Persico and brother to Alphonse Persico and Michael Persico. In 2004, Larry was indicted on racketeering charges. His father wrote a letter to the courts defending his son. Lawrence was sentenced on March 11, 2005 and released on December 9, 2005.
- Michael Joseph Persico – the son of imprisoned family boss Carmine Persico and brother to Alphonse Persico and Lawrence Persico. In 2010, Michael was accused of racketeering conspiracy involving debris removal contracts for the site of the former World Trade Center. In 2011, Michael was indicted for supplying firearms in the 1993 murder of Joseph Scopo.
- Sean Persico – the son of Theodore Persico and brother to Daniel, Frank and Theodore Jr., Sean was involved in stock scams.
- The Garfield Boys – was an Italian American street gang that operated in South Brooklyn sections of Red Hook and Gowanus. The gang was headed by future Colombo boss Carmine Persico from the 1950s to the early 1970s.
- N.Y.C. District Council of Carpenters The Colombo and Genovese families ran the Council from 1991 to 1996, extorting huge amounts of money from several N.Y.C. District Council of Carpenters union locals. Colombo capos Thomas Petrizzo and Vincent "Jimmy" Angellino controlled Council President Frederick Devine. The two crime families illegally used the Council to create hundreds of "no show" absentee jobs for their associates. In 1998, government witnesses Sammy Gravano and Vincent Cafaro testified against Devine. He was found guilty of embezzling union funds and sentenced to 15 months in prison.
Former members and associatesEdit
- Michael "Yuppie Don" Franzese – son of John Franzese. Michael organized a highly lucrative bootleg gasoline racket with the Russian mob. He retired from the crime family during the 1990s.
- Joseph "Jo Jo" Russo – the oldest son of Andrew Russo, convicted in 1994 with his cousin Anthony "Chuckie" Russo. Both men received life sentences after former FBI agent Lindley DeVecchio testified against them. In 2007, Joseph Russo died of kidney cancer in prison.
- Salvatore "Sally" D'Ambrosio – During the 1960s First Colombo War, D'Ambrosio and future boss Carmine Persico attempted to murder mobster Larry Gallo. D'Ambrosio also participated in the murder of Joseph Gioelli.
- Nicholas "Jiggs" Forlano – former capo who ran a loan-sharking operations with Charles "Ruby" Stein. In the 1970s, Forlano moved to Fort Lauderdale and started operating there. In 1977, Forlano died of a heart attack at the Hialeah race track.
- Frank "Frankie Shots" Abbatemarco – was born in 1899 and grew up in Red Hook, Brooklyn. During the 1950s, Abbatemarco was a powerful capo in Profaci family controlling Red Hook. On November 4, 1959 Abbatemarco was murdered.
- Anthony "Big Tony" Peraino – associate who helped finance groundbreaking adult entertainment movie "Deep Throat". Died of natural causes in 1996.
- Dominick "Little Dom" Cataldo – died in prison 1990
- Ralph "Little Ralphie" Scopo – influential associate who ran Cement Club for family. Died in prison 1993
- Antonio Cottone – deported to Sicily, where he became the Mafia boss of Villabate, the home town for the Profaci family. Cotonne was murdered in 1956.
- Benedetto "Benny" Aloi – capo and brother to Vincent Aloi. During the 1990s Third Colombo war, Aloi was Orena's underboss. In 1991, Aloi was convicted in the Windows Case, was released from prison on March 17, 2009. He died on April 7, 2011.
- Frank Persico - the son of Theodore "Teddy" Persico and cousin of acting Colombo boss Alphonse "Allie" Persico. Frank was a stockbroker who was sentenced to five years in prison for a $15 million stock swindle. Frank was released on July 12, 2006; four months later, Frank died of a heart attack.
- Hugh "Apples" MacIntosh – an Irish-American enforcer for Carmine Persico during the 1960s. In 1969, MacIntosh was imprisoned on hijacking charges. In 1975, he was released and went on to control several clubs and loan sharking rings for Persico. In 1982, McIntosh was caught bribing an IRS agent for Carmine Persico early release. McIntosh was imprisoned after the Colombo trial and released on December 31, 1992. MacIntosh was later arrested for meeting with mobster Daniel Persico and was returned to prison. McIntosh died on November 10, 1997.
- Charles Ruby Stein – "loanshark to the stars", an associate and business partner to Nicholas Forlano. Stein ran gambling clubs on the Upper West Side of Manhattan. In the early 1970s, mobster Jimmy Coonan became Stein's bodyguard. Stein was murdered in 1977.
- Nicholas "Nicky" Bianco – a Gallo crew member, Bianco later joined the Patriarca crime family. Bianco died in prison in 1994.
- Gerard Pappa – a family associate who transferred to Genovese crime family. Was murdered in 1980.
Government informants and witnessesEdit
- Paul "Paulie Guns" Bevacqua – former acting capo of the Gieoli crew. In 2011, Bevacqua became a government witness. On November 11, 2011 Bevacqua died.
- Rocco Cagno - soldier, his New Jersey home was used for the murder of mobster Vincent Angellino. In the 1990s Cagno became a government witness and testified against Denis DeLucia and Joseph Lograno
- Dino "Big Dino" Calabro – former capo involved in the 1997 murder of NYPD officer Ralph Dols. In 2009, Calabro was convicted of murder. On January 26, 2010 Calabro, facing trial for murdering a New York police officer became a government witness. Calabro is going to testify against mobster Joel Cacace, who allegedly ordered him to murder Dols.
- Joseph "Joe Campy" Campanella – former capo. In 2001, after surviving a assassination attempt, Campanella was arrested and became a government witness.
- Joseph "Joey Caves" Competiello – former soldier, he was involved in the 1997 murder of NYPD officer Ralph Dols. In 2000, Competiello became a government witness and led the FBI to find the body of Colombo mobster William Cutolo.
- Reynold Maragni – a former capo, who ran loansharking and illegal gambling in South Florida. Maragni was arrested during the January 2011 Federal indictments that arrested 127 Mafia members. In December 2011, Maragni wore a wire for the FBI and obtained information about Thomas Gioeli's role in the 1999 murder of William Cutolo.
- Salvatore "Big Sal" Miciotta - soldier who participated in four murders in 1996 he became a government witness. While in prison Miciotta fought with former Lucchese underboss Anthony Casso.
- Anthony "Big Anthony" Russo – former acting capo, not related to Andrew Russo. In 2011, Russo was charged with the 1993 murder of Orena loyalist Joseph Scopo and agreed to be a federal witness.
- Gregory Scarpa, Sr. – notorious hitman and FBI informant from the 1970s to 1994. Scarpa Sr. died in prison from AIDS–related complications.
- Carmine Sessa – consigliere and hitman. In 1993, Sessa became a government witness.
- Michael "Mickey" Souza - on July 20, 2010 Souza became a government witness and testifyed against Genovese mobster Anthony Antico.
- Frank "Frankie Blue Eyes" Sparaco - soldier. Expected to testify against Michael Persico in the 1992 Devine murder.
- John Pate - capo who participated in the 1991 attempted murder of Victor Orena.
- John Franzese Jr. - son of underboss John Franzese. In 2004, became a government witness and testified against his father in his 2010 trial.
- Kenny "Kenji" Gallo – former associate of Italian-Japanese heritage. worked for the Colombo family before becoming a government witnesses.
- Joseph "Joe Pesh" Luparelli – a Colombo associate and bodyguard to Joseph Yacovelli. Luparelli was part of the team that murdered Colombo mobster Joe Gallo. After the Gallo murder, a fearful Luparelli entered the Witness Protection Program and later testified against Yacovelli.
- Salvatore "Crazy Sal" Polisi – a former associate of the Colombo and Gambino crime families. Polisi and his friends Dominick and Joseph Cataldo all joined the Mafia. In 1984, Polisi was arrested on narcotics charges and became an government witness. Polisi testified in John Gotti's 1986 trial.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Critchley, David. The origins of organized crime in America: the New York City mafia, 1891-1931. 2009. Routlege Publishing. (p160-164g.) 
- ↑ Robbins, Michael W. and Palitz, Wendy. Brooklyn: a state of mind. 2001. Workman Publishing. (page104.) 
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Hamilton, Brad (2011-01-30). "The brutal rise and bloody fall of the Colombos". The New York Post. http://www.nypost.com/p/news/local/the_brutal_rise_and_bloody_fall_UZaDa6M0XwPiL68bCdBoTO/0. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Newton, Michael. "The Encyclopedia of Unsolved Crimes." (pg.408)
- ↑ Nash, Jay Robert. "The Great Pictorial History of World Crime." (pg.535)
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Raab, Selwyn. The Five Families: The Rise, Decline & Resurgence of America's Most Powerful Mafia Empire. New York: St. Martins Press, 2005.
- ↑ 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 7.11 7.12 7.13 Cage, Nicholas. Part II The Mafia at War. New York Magazine. July 17, 1972 (pg.27-36)
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 Frankie Abbatemarco is the opening casualty in the Profaci family civil war by David J. Krajicek (September 19, 2010) New York Daily News
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Raab, Selwyn. The Five Families: The Rise, Decline & Resurgence of America's Most Powerful Mafia Empire. New York: St. Martins Press, 2005. (pg. 321-324)
- ↑ Organized crime by Howard Abadinsky (1985) pg.121
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 11.2 Jerry Capeci The complete idiot's guide to the Mafia (pg. 303)
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 12.2 Capeci, Jerry. The complete idiot's guide to the Mafia p. 305
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 The Mob: How Joe Bonanno Schemed to kill – and lost. Life Magazine Vol. 63, No.9 (September 1, 1967) pg. 15-21
- ↑ The complete idiot's guide to the Mafia by Jerry Capeci (pg. 40)
- ↑ 15.0 15.1 Gage, Nicholas (April 8, 1972). "Grudges with Gallo Date to War with Profaci". New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive/pdf?res=F40D15F83B591A7493CAA9178FD85F468785F9. Retrieved 25 November 2011.
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 Raab, Selwyn. Five Families pg.197-200
- ↑ "Tozzi Knew All Three of the Gallo Brothers". LocalNewsOnly.com. http://www.localnewsonly.com/01newlno/clvnews/1114tozzi_A_03.htm. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
- ↑ Capeci, Jerry The complete idiot's guide to the Mafia pg. 306
- ↑ Gage, Nicholas (November 7, 1976). "A 'Family Quarrel', Mafia Style". The Palm Beach Post. http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1964&dat=19761107&id=RgAjAAAAIBAJ&sjid=zcwFAAAAIBAJ&pg=990,2547074. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
- ↑ 20.0 20.1 "The Colombo/Persico/Orena Family" La Cosa Nostra – State of New Jersey Commission of Investigation 1989 Report
- ↑ "The Colombo Family: Junior's War" By Anthony Bruno TruTV Crime Library
- ↑ "FUHGEDDABOUD THE OLD MOB After Gotti, Mafia ordered to clean house" BY MICHELE MCPHEE New York Daily News July 7th 2002
- ↑ Raab, pp. 495-496
- ↑ Destefano, Anthony. King of the Godfathers 2006. Kensington Publishing Corp. New York City. pg. 203-204
- ↑ "COLOMBO ORGANIZED CRIME FAMILY ACTING BOSS, UNDERBOSS, AND TEN OTHER MEMBERS AND ASSOCIATES INDICTED" Department of Justice Press Release
- ↑ 26.0 26.1 "Nine Are Arrested in Sweeping Organized Crime Crackdown" by The Associated Press (June 5, 3008) The New York Times
- ↑ "11 Years After Officer’s Slaying, Reputed Mob Figures Are Indicted" By MICHAEL WILSON and WILLIAM K. RASHBAUM New York Times December 18, 2008
- ↑ 28.0 28.1 "Four charged with membership in Mafia-connected crew" Boston.com December 17, 2009
- ↑ "Colombo Family Street Boss Indicted" Crime Family - Boston.com December 19, 2009
- ↑ 30.0 30.1 "Colombo crime family boss Ralph DeLeo indicted on racketeering charges" BY John Marzulli New York Daily News December 18, 2009
- ↑ "FBI alleges ‘crime boss’ DeLeo ran crew in Greater Boston" By Shelley Murphy Boston.com Globe January 17, 2010
- ↑ 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 32.4 32.5 32.6 William K. Rashbaum "Nearly 125 Arrested in Sweeping Mob Roundup" (January 20, 2011) New York Times
- ↑ 33.0 33.1 33.2 33.3 33.4 The Mafia family tree: FBI flowchart reveals 127 'mobsters' arrested in biggest ever blitz on New York's crime empires (January 20, 2011) The Daily Mail
- ↑ "Jerry Capeci: Nephew of Top Mobster Aids in Colombo Family Takedown". Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/jerry-capeci/nephew-of-top-mobster-aid_b_816068.html. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
- ↑ 35.0 35.1 35.2 Maddux, Mitchel (September 30, 2011). "Co-paying for mob crimes". New York Post.
- ↑ 36.0 36.1 Mob capo Reynold Maragni turns rat, wears wire for feds to bust Colombos by John Marzulli (December 15 2011) New York Daily News
- ↑ 37.0 37.1 37.2 37.3 37.4 37.5 DeVico, Peter J. The Mafia Made Easy: The Anatomy and Culture of La Cosa Nostra (pg. 174) Tate Publishing, 2007. ISBN 1-60247-254-8
- ↑ 38.0 38.1 American Mafia.com New York by Mario Machi
- ↑ 39.0 39.1 39.2 MafiaNJ.com La Cosa Nostra State of New Jersey Commission of Investigation 1989 Report. pg.17
- ↑ "THE CITY; Persico Trial Put Off On Bribery Charges" (Jan. 6 1981) New York Times
- ↑ "PERSICO RANK RANKLES AS HE IS GIVEN 5 YEARS" by: Joseph P.Fried (November 10, 1981) New York Times
- ↑ 42.0 42.1 Peter Maas Underboss: Sammy the Bull Gravano's Story of Life in the Mafia. (pg. 191-192)
- ↑ 43.0 43.1 43.2 43.3 Alphonse Persico, 61, Is Dead; Leader of Colombo Crime Family. September 13, 1989. New York Times
- ↑ Colombo Figure Given 25 Years On '80 Charges by Leonard Buder (December 19, 1987) New York Times
- ↑ Peter Maas Underboss: Sammy the Bull Gravano's Story of Life in the Mafia. (pg. 155)
- ↑ 46.0 46.1 46.2 Colombo crime family 1987 Oct. 15, 2007. Getty Images
- ↑ Selwyn Raab. Five Families: The Rise, Decline, and Resurgence of America's Most Powerful (pg.332-333)
- ↑ "Even to the 5 Families, the Fighting Colombos Have Been Black Sheep" By SELWYN RAAB New York Times December 10, 1991
- ↑ Capeci, Jerry (August 5, 1999). "MOB BOSS RIPS JURY-TAMPERING SENTENCE". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/boroughs/mob-boss-rips-jury-tampering-sentence-article-1.853234. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- ↑ 50.0 50.1 50.2 United States District Judge John F. Keenan Case 1:97-cv-08591-JFK (May 22, 2006)
- ↑ Marzulli, John (March 1, 2009). "Alphonse Persico life sentence may end control of Colombo crime family". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/news/crime/alphonse-persico-life-sentence-control-colombo-crime-family-article-1.370944. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- ↑ 52.0 52.1 52.2 Updated Colombo Family Leadership being revealed?
- ↑ 53.0 53.1 53.2 Colombo Organized Crime Family Acting Boss Alphonse T. Persico and Administration Member John J. Deross Sentenced to Life Imprisonment for the Murder of William "Wild Bill" Cutolo and Related Witness Tampering (February 27, 2009)
- ↑ Capeci, Jerry (July 31, 1998). "NEWLYWEDS LEAD FEDS TO REPUTED MOB FIGURE". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/news/newlyweds-lead-feds-reputed-mob-figure-article-1.804701. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- ↑ 55.0 55.1 Colombo boss Thomas (Tommy Shots) Gioeli charged with '97 slay of cop by John Marzulli (July 15, 2010) New York Daily News
- ↑ Kenny Gallo, Matthew Randazzo Breakshot: A Life in the 21st Century American Mafia (pg. 493-494)
- ↑ John Marzulli 'Godfather star James Caan, furio from 'The Sopranos' go to bat for Colombo crime boss January 26, 2011. New York Daily News
- ↑ My life in the Mafia by Vincent Charles Teresa and Thomas C. Renner 1973, (pg. 82)
- ↑ Franzese Is Said to Have Killed '30 or 40 or 50' Persons by Sidney E. Zion (March 04, 1967) New York Times
- ↑ 60.0 60.1 A Family Business: Hijacking, Bookmaking, Policy, Dice Games Loan-sharking and Special Contracts; A family business by Fred J. Cook (June 04, 1972) New York Times
- ↑ Colombo: The New Look in the Mafia; Joseph Colombo: The Head of a New Generation Family of Mafia Members by Nicholas Gage (May 3, 1971) New York Times
- ↑ 6 Alleged Mafiosi Indicted in Nassau by Roy R. Silver (January 28, 1970) New York Times
- ↑ Alleged Mob Figure Balking at Inquiry (October 16, 1974) New York Times
- ↑ Hijacker of Truck Loses His Freedom Because of Cohorts (November 6, 1976) New York Times
- ↑ News Summary; International National Metropolitan (June 5, 1977) New York Times
- ↑ "I'll Make You an Offer You Can't Refuse" By Michael Franzese (page 75)
- ↑ Colombo 'Family' Underboss Flees After Failure of Overthrow Chief; COLOMBO UNDERBOSS FLEES AS MOVE FAILSby: Nicholas Gage (June 5, 1977) New York Times
- ↑ Reputed Crime Leader Disappears On Day for a Hearing on Sentence by:Unknown (June 24, 1980)
- ↑ Organized Crime in America: hearings before the committee on judiciary, United States senate, ninety-eight congress, first session, on organized crime in America, part 1-2 (1984) (pg. 23)
- ↑ Hays, Tom (January 14, 2011). "Geriatric NY gangster, 93, gets 8 years in prison". myway. http://apnews.myway.com//article/20110114/D9KO8K680.html. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- ↑ "Bond by Honor: A Mafioso's Story" by Bill Bonanno (Page 24)
- ↑ The complete idiot's guide to the Mafia By Jerry Capeci (view)
- ↑ A Mafia Leader Admits Tax Guilt; Brooklyn Gang Figure Faces a 5-Year Jail Sentence (January 14, 1965) New York Times
- ↑ 74.0 74.1 Hearings (1969) United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. (pg.126)
- ↑ The Mafia Made Easy: The Anatomy and Culture of La Cosa Nostra by Peter J. Devico (pg. 74)
- ↑ Yacovelli Said to Succeed Colombo in Mafia Family; Yacovelli Called Successor to Colombo by Nicholas Gage (September 1, 1971) New York Times
- ↑ "The mafia encyclopedia" by Carl Sifakis (pg.355)
- ↑ 78.0 78.1 Organized Crime in America: hearings before the committee on judiciary, United States senate, ninety-eight congress, first session, on organized crime in America, part 1-2 (1984) (pg. 273-274)
- ↑ Colombo crime family 1984 Oct. 15, 2007. Getty Images
- ↑ Mafia Son: The Scarpa Mob Family, the FBI, and a Story of Betrayal by Sandra Harmon (pg. 221)
- ↑ 81.0 81.1 Marzulli, John (January 5, 2012). "Thomas Farese is latest alleged Colombo mobster to be busted". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/new-york/thomas-farese-latest-alleged-colombo-mobster-busted-article-1.1001642. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- ↑ 82.0 82.1 82.2 Feds bust Colombo big for money laundering by Mitchel Maddux (January 6, 2012) New York Post
- ↑ 83.0 83.1 83.2 83.3 83.4 83.5 Colombo crime family Persico faction Oct. 15, 2007. Getty Images
- ↑ US of American v. Joseph Monteleone, Sr., Joseph Russo and Anthony Russo 257 F.3d 210 (2nd Cir. 2001)
- ↑ 85.0 85.1 85.2 85.3 Colombo crime family Orena faction Oct.15, 2007. Getty Images
- ↑ 86.0 86.1 Raab, Selwyn. The Five Families: The Rise, Decline & Resurgence of America's Most Powerful Mafia Empire pg.344-349
- ↑ Federal Bureau of Prisons inmate Carmine Persico
- ↑ "Alphonse Persico" Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator
- ↑ Raab, Selwyn Five Families pg.329
- ↑ Capeci, Jerry (August 5, 1999). "MOB BOSS RIPS JURY-TAMPERING SENTENCE". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/boroughs/mob-boss-rips-jury-tampering-sentence-article-1.853234. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- ↑ "Andrew Russo". Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator. http://www.bop.gov/iloc2/InmateFinderServlet?Transaction=NameSearch&needingMoreList=false&FirstName=Andrew&Middle=&LastName=Russo&Race=U&Sex=U&Age=&x=0&y=0. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
- ↑ "John Franzese". Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator. http://www.bop.gov/iloc2/InmateFinderServlet?Transaction=NameSearch&needingMoreList=false&FirstName=John+&Middle=&LastName=Franzese&Race=U&Sex=U&Age=&x=78&y=20. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- ↑ Federal Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator: Benjamin Castellazzo (Release date unknown)
- ↑ 94.0 94.1 94.2 94.3 Lebowitz, Larry (May 19, 1998). "Mafia Figure On Way Back To Jail: Ex-convict Pleads Guilty To Money Laundering". Sun Sentinel. http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/1998-05-19/news/9805190006_1_thomas-farese-laundering-colombo. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
- ↑ Travel-Weary Colombo Wiseguy Gets Out of Town" by Jerry Capeci (March 22, 2012) Gang Lang News
- ↑ Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator: Thomas Ralph Farese (Released March 22, 2012)
- ↑ Indictment Unsealed Charging Colombo Family Administration Member Theodore Persico and Seven Others (March 09, 2010)
- ↑ "Colombo Mobsters Charged with Extortion, Theft of Teamster Benefits" by Carl Horowitz (March 1, 2010) National Legal and Policy Center.com
- ↑ Federal Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator: Joseph Baudanza (Released Feb. 18, 2011)
- ↑ United States Court of Appeals "United States of America v. Vincent Aloi" (Decided Jan. 31, 1975)
- ↑ 101.0 101.1 The Changing Face of Organized in New Jersey A Status Report. May 2004. (pg 137-140) 
- ↑ Federal Bureau of Prisons: Ralph Lombardo
- ↑ "Turncoat Turns 'Mob Justice' Into Federal Justice" by Jerry Capeci New York The Sun (Sept. 13, 2007)
- ↑ "Reputed Colombo Crime Family Capo, Michael Uvino, Gets 10 Years in Prison". The Chicago Syndicate (July 12, 2009)
- ↑ "Michael Uvino". Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator. http://www.bop.gov/iloc2/InmateFinderServlet?Transaction=NameSearch&needingMoreList=false&FirstName=Michael&Middle=&LastName=Uvino&Race=U&Sex=U&Age=&x=41&y=9. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- ↑ Marzulli, John (December 18, 2009). "Colombo crime family boss Ralph DeLeo indicted on racketeering charges". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/colombo-crime-family-boss-ralph-deleo-indicted-racketeering-charges-article-1.436082. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- ↑ Federal Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator: Richard Fusco (Release date)
- ↑ "Vincent Langella" Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator
- ↑ by By Bob Ingle, Sandy McClure. (page 263)
- ↑ "Daniel Persico" Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator
- ↑ 111.0 111.1 "The Mafia Made Easy: The Anatomy and Culture of La Cosa Nostra" By Peter J. Devico page 162 (Google Books)
- ↑ "Theodore Persico" Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator
- ↑ "Theodore Jr. Persico" Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator
- ↑ "John DeRoss" Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator
- ↑ "Mistrial Is Declared in Mob Murder Case" NEW YORK TIMES November 4, 2006
- ↑ "F.B.I. Resumes Search for Mob Graves" By WILLIAM K. RASHBAUM New York Times March 9, 2009
- ↑ United States v. Vincent DeMartino Find Law
- ↑ "Two Found Guilty In Botched Coney Island Mob Hit" Brooklyn Daily Eagle May 14, 2004
- ↑ "Echoes of Mob War Reverberate 15 Years Later" New York Sun July 20, 2006
- ↑ Federal Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator Website
- ↑ Shifrel, Scott (October 16, 2007). "Lawyers say mob vowed to make FBI agent 'bad guy'". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/news/crime/lawyers-mob-vowed-fbi-agent-bad-guy-article-1.230806. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- ↑ Marzulli, John (November 17, 2010). "Colombo capo Michael Catapano's 'black sheep' bid to cut his sentence is rejected by judge". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/news/crime/colombo-capo-michael-catapano-black-sheep-bid-cut-sentence-rejected-judge-article-1.456746. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- ↑ "Michael Catapano". Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator. http://www.bop.gov/iloc2/InmateFinderServlet?Transaction=NameSearch&needingMoreList=false&FirstName=Michael&Middle=&LastName=Catapano&Race=U&Sex=U&Age=&x=84&y=15. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- ↑ Robbins, Tom. Analyze This A Deadly Mobster's Pleading Letter for His Son. Village Voice. Jan 20, 2004 
- ↑ "Lawrence Persico" Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator
- ↑ Yaniv, Oren (August 19, 2011). "Son of jailed mob boss Carmine 'The Snake' Persico indicted for ordering hit". New York Daily News. http://articles.nydailynews.com/2011-08-19/news/29920338_1_michael-persico-carmine-the-snake-persico-mob-boss. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
- ↑ Capeci, Jerry. Mob Boss Tied To 1999 Murders Of Stock Swindlers In NJ Mansion. New York Huffington Post. November 23, 2009 
- ↑ Selwyn Raab. Five Families: The Rise, Decline, and Resurgence of America's Most Powerful Mafia Empires. (pg. 322)
- ↑ Mobsters, Unions, and feds: the mafia and the American labor movement by James B. Jacobs (page 191)
- ↑ Gotham Unbound: How New York City was liberated from the grip of organized crime by: James B. Jacobs, Coleen Friel and Robert Radick (page 293)
- ↑ "Ex-mobster shows ‘transformation is possible for anyone’" Mafia Today
- ↑ "Pyrrhic Victory: Judge Grants a Hearing, Cancer Cancels It" by Jerry Capeci New York The Sun August 2, 2007
- ↑ Umberto’s Clam House Opens For Business, And Bullets, Again. By John William Tuohy and Ed Becker (June 5, 2000) Rick Porrello's AmericanMafia.com
- ↑ Capeci, Jerry. "The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Mafia." Alpha, 2001. (view)
- ↑ Masters of paradise: organized crime and the Internal Revenue Service in the Bahamas by Alan A. Block pg. 90
- ↑ James, George (October 22, 1993). "Man Tied to Crime Family Is Shot to Death in Queens". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1993/10/22/nyregion/man-tied-to-crime-family-is-shot-to-death-in-queens.html?scp=1&sq=Ralph%20Scopo&st=cse. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
- ↑ Sicilian Blood, Time, September 3, 1956
- ↑ "Benedetto Aloi" Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator
- ↑ Ex-mafia kingpin: G-man helped me beat the system by Jerry Capeci (April 21, 2011) This Week In Gang Land
- ↑ Capeci, Jerry. New York The Sun. Mob Obituaries: Boobie, Redbird, and the Brain December 14, 2006 
- ↑ "Frank Persico" Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator
- ↑ Raab, Selwyn Five Families: The Rise, Decline, and Resurgence of America's Most Powerful Mafia Empires (p. 324)
- ↑ 143.0 143.1 143.2 143.3 143.4 Capeci, Jerry. Jerry Capeci's Gang Land view
- ↑ Paddy Whacked: The Untold Story of the Irish American Gangster By T. J. English read
- ↑ "Nicholas Bianco; Crime Family Figure, 62". New York Times. November 16, 1994. http://www.nytimes.com/1994/11/16/obituaries/nicholas-bianco-crime-family-figure-62.html. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
- ↑ Marzulli, John (December 21, 2010). "Trial of 1980 Brooklyn mob rubout to feature a who's who of Mafia snitches". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/news/crime/trial-1980-brooklyn-mob-rubout-feature-a-mafia-snitches-article-1.473464. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- ↑ "What’s Left of the Mob" by Jerry Capeci New York Magazine May 21, 2005
- ↑ 148.0 148.1 "Anthony (Big Anthony) Russo becomes third Colombo capo to roll over to work with feds" by John Marzulli (February 5, 2011) New York Daily News
- ↑ Mob Snitch's Daughters Sue FBI for House by Adam Klasfeld (January 23, 2012) Courthouse News Service
- ↑ Capeci, Jerry (August 19, 1995). "Mob Plea Deal No Steal". New York Daily News. http://articles.nydailynews.com/1995-08-16/news/17989209_1_mobster-extortion-charges-deals. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
- ↑ 151.0 151.1 151.2 Mob wiseguy in cop hit, Colombo hit man Dino (Big Dino) Calabro, strikes deal with feds by John Marzulli (January 25, 2010) New York Daily News
- ↑ Marzulli, John (December 19, 2008). "Former Colombo family boss indicted in 1997 murder of NYPD cop Ralph Dols". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/news/crime/colombo-family-boss-indicted-1997-murder-nypd-ralph-dols-article-1.355869. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
- ↑ Prosecutors to seek death penalty against ex-Colombo mob boss Joel Cacace for murder of NYPD cop by John Marzulli (February 10, 2011) New York Daily News
- ↑ Two Found Guilty In Botched Coney Island Mob Hit by John Doyle (May 14, 2004) Brooklyn Daily Eagle
- ↑ Former Colombo family boss indicted in 1997 murder of NYPD cop Ralph Dols by John Marzulli (December 19, 2008) New York Daily News
- ↑ Corpse found at Long Island mob dig may be Wild Bill Cutolo by John Marzulli and Leo Standora (October 6, 2008) New York Daily News
- ↑ "127 charged in federal mob crackdown" by Michael LaForgia The Palm Beach Post News (Jan. 20, 2011)
- ↑ 158.0 158.1 Capeci, Jerry (January 20, 1997). "Mob Canary Hears Birds Singing Picked Wrong Foe For Prison Fight". The New York Daily News. http://articles.nydailynews.com/1997-01-20/news/18038248_1_casso-prison-guards-prison-fight. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
- ↑ Dannen, Fredric (December 16, 1996). "The G-man and the Hit Man". The New Yorker. http://www.newyorker.com/archive/1996/12/16/1996_12_16_068_TNY_CARDS_000377271#ixzz11hUOGYMy. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
- ↑ "Gregory Scarpa, Sr.". NNDB. http://www.nndb.com/people/434/000024362/. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
- ↑ FRANCESCANI, CHRISTOPHER (September 29, 2000). "MURDEROUS MOB CANARY SPRUNG". New York Post. http://www.nypost.com/p/news/murderous_mob_canary_sprung_6jUvw4SDKcImtpGIiKDZiO. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
- ↑ Marzulli, John (July 20, 2010). "Colombo mobster Michael (Mickey) Souza, The Don of Screwups, now begging for witness protection". The New York Daily News. http://articles.nydailynews.com/2010-07-20/news/27070369_1_witness-protection-mobster-souza. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
- ↑ "Colombo mobster Michael (Mickey) Souza, The Don of Screwups, now begging for witness protection" Mafia Today July 20, 2010
- ↑ "Could another Colombo Family Persico be targeted by the Fed's". MafiaNewsToday. http://mafianewstoday.com/tag/frank-sparaco/. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
- ↑ "Made Men Who Attended College". Sho Nuff Mob. http://gangstersinc.tripod.com/ShoDec2804.html. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
- ↑ Marzulli, John (2010-06-16). "Nod Father's son John Franzese Jr. sought to turn real life into reel life". New York Daily News. http://articles.nydailynews.com/2010-06-16/news/27067178_1_prodigal-son-gangster-defense-lawyers. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
- ↑ "93-Year-Old Crime Boss Gets 12-Year Sentence". CBSnews.com. Associated Press. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2011/01/14/national/main7245940.shtml. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- ↑ Breakshot: A Life in the 21st Century American Mafia By Kenny Gallo, Matthew Randazzo pg.8
- ↑ 169.0 169.1 169.2 169.3 Picks and Pans Review: Sins of the Father by Nick Taylor (October 23, 1989) People.com
- La Cosa Nostra – State of New Jersey Commission of Investigation 1989 Report - The Colombo/Persico/Orena Family
- truTV on the Colombo family